Fire and Stone

  title={Fire and Stone},
  author={John A. Webb and Marian Domański},
  pages={820 - 821}
For at least 72,000 years, humans have used heat treatment of stone materials to make more efficient tools. Faced with the difficulties of surviving in often hostile surroundings, early humans manufactured various flaked stone tools to increase the success of food gathering and the efficiency of food processing. Special-purpose tools increased the likelihood of obtaining food and were particularly important when it was hard to secure adequate food resources (1, 2). For example, projectile… 

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Replication experiments and analysis of artifacts suggest that humans in South Africa at this time, and perhaps earlier, systematically heated stone materials, including silcrete to improve its flaking properties in making tools.

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