Finite element analysis of the residual thermal stresses on functionally gradated dental restorations.

Abstract

The aim of this work was to study, using the finite element method (FEM), the distribution of thermal residual stresses arising in metal-ceramic dental restorations after cooling from the processing temperature. Three different interface configurations were studied: with conventional sharp transition; one with a 50% metal-50% ceramic interlayer; and one with a compositionally functionally gradated material (FGM) interlayer. The FE analysis was performed based on experimental data obtained from Dynamic Mechanical Analysis (DMA) and Dilatometry (DIL) studies of the monolithic materials and metal/ceramic composites. Results have shown significant benefits of using the 50% metal-50% ceramic interlayer and the FGM interlayer over the conventional sharp transition interface configuration in reduction of the thermal residual stress and improvement of stress profiles. Maximum stresses magnitudes were reduced by 10% for the crowns with 50% metal-50% ceramic interlayer and by 20% with FGM interlayer. The reduction in stress magnitude and smoothness of the stress distribution profile due to the gradated architectures might explain the improved behavior of these novel dental restorative systems relative to the conventional one, demonstrated by in-vitro studies already reported in literature.

DOI: 10.1016/j.jmbbm.2015.06.003

Cite this paper

@article{Henriques2015FiniteEA, title={Finite element analysis of the residual thermal stresses on functionally gradated dental restorations.}, author={Bruno M. B. Henriques and Guido Miranda and Michael Gasik and J{\'u}lio C M Souza and Rog{\'e}rio M Nascimento and Filipe Santos Silva}, journal={Journal of the mechanical behavior of biomedical materials}, year={2015}, volume={50}, pages={123-30} }