Fingerprints of global warming on wild animals and plants

  title={Fingerprints of global warming on wild animals and plants},
  author={Terry Root and Jeff Price and Kimberly R. Hall and Stephen Henry Schneider and Cynthia Rosenzweig and J. Alan Pounds},
Over the past 100 years, the global average temperature has increased by approximately 0.6 °C and is projected to continue to rise at a rapid rate. Although species have responded to climatic changes throughout their evolutionary history, a primary concern for wild species and their ecosystems is this rapid rate of change. We gathered information on species and global warming from 143 studies for our meta-analyses. These analyses reveal a consistent temperature-related shift, or ‘fingerprint… 
The impact of climatic change on wild animals and plants: a meta-analysis
The balance of evidence obtained from these studies suggests that a significant impact from climatic warming is discernible in the form of long-term, large-scale alteration of animal and plant populations.
How are insects responding to global warming
Global average surface temperature has increased by around 0.6 oC during the past century and will continue to rise in the future. Understanding how these changes in climate have affected biological
Global Warming and its Effects on Biodiversity
During the last century, average global temperatures have risen approximately 0.6/C. Within the past sixty years, the rate of temperature increase has doubled. Despite the minute change in absolute
Forest – Biogeosciences and Forestry Climate change and insect distribution
The effects of global warming on living or­ ganisms have now been recognized from the level of individual species to communities, most notably in the form of temperature-re­ lated range shifts
Plants and climate change: complexities and surprises.
It is argued that inconclusive, unexpected, or counter-intuitive results should be embraced in order to understand apparent disconnects between theory, prediction, and observation, and that the need for ecologists to conduct community-level experiments in systems that replicate multiple aspects of ACC is highlighted.
The Future of Marine Invertebrates in Face of Global Climate Change
Global Warming and Sea Temperature Rise Average sea surface temperature is now 0.6°C warmer than at the start of the industrial revolution [1], and a further increase of 3-6°C is forecasted by the
Impact of Climate Change on Biodiversity Loss and Extinction of Endemicplants of Arid Land Mountains
Climate is the fundamental factor that determines different stages of the organism life-cycle, such as plant germination and flowering. It can severely alter habitats and food sources for animals,
Response of a Habitat-Forming Marine Plant to a Simulated Warming Event Is Delayed, Genotype Specific, and Varies with Phenology
While all genotypes’ production decreased in the recovery phase, genotypes that grew the most rapidly under benign thermal conditions (control) were the most susceptible to the detrimental effects of warming, suggesting a potential tradeoff in relative performance at normal vs. elevated temperatures.
Complex phenological responses to climate warming trends? Lessons from history
Examination of the climatic response of 155 species of moths and butterflies collected during the period 1866-1884 in Wiltshire, southern England finds responsiveness to climate was found to be greater for species eclosing later in the year, specifically to the previous autumn temperatures, and to hibernal environment, and for species less exposed to air temperatures.
The broad footprint of climate change from genes to biomes to people
The full range and scale of climate change effects on global biodiversity that have been observed in natural systems are described, and a set of core ecological processes that underpin ecosystem functioning and support services to people are identified.


Responses to a Warming World
The authors warn that changes in the interdependence between species could have unpredictable consequences for ecosystems, that the lengthening of the plant growing season contributes to the global increased carbon fixation, and that change in phenology may affect not only ecosystems but also agriculture and sanitation.
Wildlife Responses to Climate Change: North American Case Studies
This text is the culmination of a three-year project to research and study the impacts of global climate change on ecosystems and individual wildlife species in North America. In 1997, the National
Biodiversity II: understanding and protecting our biological resources
Biodiversity is defined as all hereditarily based variation at all levels of organization from the genes within a single local population or species to the species composing all or part of a local
Ecological responses to recent climate change
A review of the ecological impacts of recent climate change exposes a coherent pattern of ecological change across systems, from polar terrestrial to tropical marine environments.
Wisconsinan Pre-Pleniglacial Biotic Change in Southeastern New Mexico
  • A. Harris
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • 1993
Abstract Interpretation of a 1.5-m mid- to late- Wisconsinan stratigraphic sequence containing fossil vertebrates from the Animal Fair Site in Dry Cave, Eddy County, New Mexico, suggests a
Mapping eastern North American vegetation change of the past 18 ka: No-analogs and the future
The method of modern analogs and an extensive data base of modern and fossil pollen data were used to generate a new series of paleovegetation maps for eastern North America spanning the past 18 ka.
Insects in a changing environment
This book, from a 1993 symposium, focuses on current, anthropogenic changes in insect populations using five major sections: introduction; changes in climate; changes in gas/pollutant levels; changes
Climate change 2007 : impacts, adaptation and vulnerability
Foreword Preface Introduction Summary for policymakers Technical summary 1. Assessment of observed changes and responses in natural and managed systems 2. New assessment methodologies and the
True navigation and magnetic maps in spiny lobsters
It is reported that the spiny lobster Panulirus argus oriented reliably towards a capture site when displaced 12–37 km to unfamiliar locations, even when deprived of all known orientation cues en route, implying that true navigation in spiny lobsters, and perhaps in other animals, is based on a magnetic map sense.
On the Origin of Species: Facsimile of the First Edition
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