Genetics and molecular mechanisms of resistance to powdery mildews in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) and its wild relatives
Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) is the most cultivated crop in the Solanaceae family and is a host for Oidium neolycopersici, the cause agent of powdery mildew disease. In wild species of tomato, genes (Ol-1–Ol-6) for monogenic resistance have been identified. Moreover, three quantitative resistance loci (QRLs), namely Ol-qtl1, Ol-qtl2 and Ol-qtl3, have been mapped in Solanum neorickii G1.1601. In this work, we developed several advanced backcross populations in order to fine-map these Ol-qtls. Resistant lines harboring individual Ol-qtl were produced and used in recombinant screening. Ten recombinants were identified in chromosomal regions carrying Ol-qtl1s. The recombinant individuals were used to produce recombinant families (RFs). By screening these RFs with molecular markers and testing them with O. neolycopersici, we could localize Ol-qtl1 in a region of about 2.3 Mbp on the long arm of chromosome 6 and Ol-qtl2 in a region of 2.5 Mbp on the short arm of chromosome 12. On the other hand, the presence of Ol-qtl3 locus was not confirmed in this study. The fine-mapping results further demonstrated the co-localization between Ol-qtls and genes for monogenic resistance; the Ol-qtl1 interval contains the Ol-1 gene and the Ol-qtl2 interval harbors the Lv gene that confers monogenic resistance to Leveillula taurica, another species of tomato powdery mildew.