Fine Structure of the Human Newborn and Infant Vocal Fold Mucosae

@article{Sato2001FineSO,
  title={Fine Structure of the Human Newborn and Infant Vocal Fold Mucosae},
  author={K. Sato and Masanori Hirano and Tadashi Nakashima},
  journal={Annals of Otology, Rhinology \& Laryngology},
  year={2001},
  volume={110},
  pages={417 - 424}
}
This study was carried out to determine the fine structure of the membranous portion of the human newborn and infant vocal fold mucosae and to clarify how the human vocal fold mucosa begins to grow after birth. Light and electron microscopic observations were made on the vocal fold mucosae excised from human newborn and infant larynges. Our findings are summarized as follows. 1) Reinke's space of the newborn vocal fold is a loose structure composed of ground substance and sparse fibers. 2… 
Growth and Development of the Human Vocal Fold Mucosa
1. Newborns already have immature maculae flavae at the same sites as adults. They are composed of dense masses of cells including vocal fold stellate cells, whereas extracellular matrix
Macula Flava and Vocal Fold Stellate Cells of the Human Adult Vocal Fold
1. Human adult maculae flavae are dense masses of cells and extracellular matrices located at the anterior and posterior ends of the membranous portion of the bilateral vocal folds. 2.
Macula Flava of the Human Newborn Vocal Fold
TLDR
The results of these studies are consistent with the hypothesis that the cells including the vocal fold stellate cells in the human newborn maculae flavae are tissue stem cells or progenitor cells of theHuman newborn vocal fold mucosa as a vibrating tissue.
Functional Histology of the Macula Flava in the Human Vocal Fold – Part 2: Its Role in the Growth and Development of the Vocal Fold
TLDR
Human MFe including VFSCs were inferred to be involved in the metabolism of EM, essential for the viscoelasticity of the human VFM, and are considered to be an important structure in the growth and development of thehuman VFM.
Histopathologic investigations of the unphonated human vocal fold mucosa
TLDR
Tension caused by phonation (vocal fold vibration) is hypothesized to stimulate stellate cells to accelerate production of extracellular matrices.
Cells and Extracellular Matrices in the Human Adult Vocal Fold Mucosa
1. Adult vocal folds have a layered structure consisting of the epithelium; the superficial, intermediate, and deep layers of the lamina propria; and the vocalis muscle (Hirano, Otologia (Fukuoka)
Histopathologic investigations of the unphonated human child vocal fold mucosa.
TLDR
Vocal fold vibration (phonation) after birth is an important factor in the growth and development of the human vocal fold mucosa.
Lamina propria of the human vocal fold: histomorphometric study of collagen fibers
TLDR
These results help describe the distribution of collagen fibers within the lamina propria of the human vocal fold and have implications to understand the cover-body theory of voice production both in the adult and newborn.
3D Structure of the Macula Flava in the Human Vocal Fold
TLDR
Anterior and posterior maculae flavae in the human vocal fold mucosa are postulated to be involved in the metabolism of extracellular matrices, which are essential to the viscoelasticity of the lamina propria (the vibrating tissue) of the human adult vocal Fold mucosa.
Age-Related Changes of Collagenous Fibers in the Human Vocal Fold Mucosa
TLDR
The viscoelastic properties of the vocal fold mucosa depend on the extracellular matrices, and changes in the3-dimensional structure of the collagenous fibers, but also their qualitative and quantitative changes, have an effect on the 3-dimensional structures of the extracleen matrices.
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References

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The macula flava of the newborn appears to be an important structure in the growth and development of the vocal ligament.
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TLDR
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TLDR
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