Finding the philosophical core: A review of Stephen C. Pepper's World Hypotheses: A Study in Evidence.

  title={Finding the philosophical core: A review of Stephen C. Pepper's World Hypotheses: A Study in Evidence.},
  author={Steven C. Hayes and Linda J. Hayes and Hayne Waring Reese},
  journal={Journal of the experimental analysis of behavior},
  volume={50 1},
Behavior analysis has always had significant conflicts with other psychological perspectives. At their most fundamental level, these conflicts are often philosophical, concerning such issues as the nature of the human and the purposes of science. Why are these the conflicts? What, if anything, can we do about them? Can we resolve them? Can we avoid them altogether by simply abandoning philosophy? To answer these questions, we must be clear about the philosophy underlying behavior analysis… 

Themes in Behavior Theory and Philosophy

Psychology made its famous break from philosophy in 1879 and since then has faired well as an independent discipline. There remains, however, con­ siderable evidence of its philosophical roots in


Radical behaviorism is often said to be inspired by pragmatism. Similarities between these two philosophies generally center on epistemological issues. For instance, the pragmatic theory of truth as

Contextualism: Is the act in context the adequate metaphor for scientific psychology?

It is suggested that the mechanis-tic/contextualistic dichotomy is too constraining to realistically describe various approaches to psychology.

Is a new version of philosophical pragmatism necessary? A reply to Barnes-Holmes.

  • S. Leigland
  • Philosophy, Psychology
    The Behavior analyst
  • 2003
Although the extensive and diverse literature of philosophical pragmatism has been shown by a number of writers to have various themes and perspectives in common with Skinner's radical behaviorism, it is unnecessary to extract a limited, generic version of pragmatist because the latter cannot match the range and depth of the various extant versions.

Comments About Morris’s Paper

  • H. Reese
  • Psychology
    The Behavior analyst
  • 1993
Morris's paper (1993) would have benefited from distinguishing between ontology and epistemology and discussing mechanism and behavior analysis in these two domains separately. Overton and I also did

Taxonomy as a contextualist views it.

  • S. Hayes
  • Psychology
    Journal of clinical psychology
  • 2004
The Henriques' article, "Psychology Defined" (this issue), reflects an underlying philosophy of science that emphasizes coherence as its truth criterion, but the proposed taxonomy has no known value when viewed contextualistically.

Capaldi And Proctor’s Contextualism In Psychological Research? A Critical Review.

Capaldi and Proctor’s (1999) book is about philosophical issues not directly related to applied behavior analysis, and readers of this journal might therefore ask why a review of it is published

Defeatist Xenophobia or Integrative Complexity? A Reply to the Comments About "The Clash of Giants"

Several of the major questions raised by the discussants of the target article, “The Clash of Giants,� are focused upon in an attempt to facilitate understanding across paradigm boundaries. A

Philosophic Foundations of Behavior Analysis in Developmental Disabilities

A review of potential evolutionary paths for behavior analysis will be conducted by assessing the implications of four distinctly different means of “understanding” the world. These “world views” are



Are theories of learning necessary?

All statements about the nervous system are theories in the sense that they are not expressed in the same terms and could not be confirmed with the same methods of observation as the facts for which they are said to account.

Methods and theories in the experimental analysis of behavior

  • B. Skinner
  • Psychology
    Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • 1984
Abstract We owe most scientific knowledge to methods of inquiry that are never formally analyzed. The analysis of behavior does not call for hypothetico-deductive methods. Statistics, taught in lieu

Models of Development and Theories of Development

The operational analysis of psychological terms.

The major contributions of operationism have been negative, largely because operationists failed to distinguish logical theories of reference from empirical accounts of language. Behaviorism never

Mentalism, Behavior-Behavior Relations, and a Behavior-Analytic View of the Purposes of Science

Several analytic concepts common in the behavioral community share some of the dangers of mentalism if not employed properly, including such concepts as self-reinforcement, response-produced stimulation, and self-rules.

Conceptions of the Active Organism: Discussion

Overtone’s structuralist organism is modeled as active, whether or not it is really active, because of the metaphysical position underlying structuralism. Baer’s empirical-behaviorist organism could


Skinner's book, Verbal Behavior, was published in 1957. Chomsky's review of it appeared in 1959. By the criterion of seminal influence in generating controversy and stimulating publication, both must

Reply to Catania

  • B. Skinner
  • Biology, Art
    Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • 1984
If the authors regard a culture as a social environment that shapes the behavior of new members of a group, then they can say that a culture is simply an individual's way of producing other enculturated individuals, but it is the culture with its practices that survives.

World Hypotheses: A Study in Evidence

PART ONE: THE ROOT-METAPHOR THEORY I. The Utter Skeptic II. Dogmatists III. Evidence and Corroboration IV. Hypotheses V. Root Metaphors VI. Examples of Inadequacies in World Hypotheses PART TWO: THE

Narrative Psychology: The Storied Nature of Human Conduct

This book features essays by the major supporters of the narrative metaphor. They approach the subject from philosophical, religious, anthropological, and historical perspectives as well as from the