Corpus ID: 53590814

Final Report to Yukon Justice : Estimating the Prevalence of FASD , Mental Health , and Substance Use Problems in the Justice System

@inproceedings{McLachlan2018FinalRT,
  title={Final Report to Yukon Justice : Estimating the Prevalence of FASD , Mental Health , and Substance Use Problems in the Justice System},
  author={Kaitlyn McLachlan},
  year={2018}
}
Neurocognitive Function and Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder in Offenders with Mental Disorders
TLDR
The purpose of this study was to characterize the life experiences and examine the neurocognitive profile of a group of adult forensic psychiatric outpatients, and investigated potential differences between offenders with FASD and the rest of the sample. Expand
Prevalence of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder among special subpopulations: a systematic review and meta‐analysis
TLDR
Global subpopulations of children in care, correctional, special education, specialized clinical and Aboriginal populations have a significantly higher prevalence of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder compared with the general population, which poses a substantial global health problem. Expand
Association of adverse childhood experiences and neurodevelopmental disorders in people with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) and non-FASD controls
TLDR
Both FASD and subsequent exposure to ACEs are associated with increased risk for development of comorbid neurodevelopmental disorders, and prevention of ACEs during childhood may decrease risk. Expand
Exploring the Existence of a Unique Neurodevelopmental Profile of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder
TLDR
The objective of the current thesis project was to determine to what extent neurodevelopmental disorders with prominent externalizing behaviors co-occur among children with FASD and determine if children withFASD exhibit a unique and discernible neurology profile. Expand

References

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Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder: a guideline for diagnosis across the lifespan
The consequences of prenatal alcohol exposure were first described more than 40 years ago.[1][1],[2][2] The term “fetal alcohol syndrome” (FAS) was first used to describe the cluster of birth defectsExpand
Updated Clinical Guidelines for Diagnosing Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
The adverse effects of prenatal alcohol exposure constitute a continuum of disabilities (fetal alcohol spectrum disorders [FASD]). In 1996, the Institute of Medicine established diagnostic categoriesExpand
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder: Canadian guidelines for diagnosis
TLDR
These are the first Canadian guidelines for the diagnosis of FAS and its related disabilities, developed by broad-based consultation among experts in diagnosis, based on widespread consultation of expert practitioners and partners in the field. Expand
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome among Aboriginal People in Canada: Review and Analysis of the Intergenerational Links to Residential Schools
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TLDR
Inclusion of infants aged 0 to 1 years, adults beyond the age of 21 years and costs associated with residing in institutions provided a more accurate estimate of the costs of FASD. Expand
Identifying fetal alcohol syndrome among youth in the criminal justice system.
TLDR
This study determined the prevalence of FAS/FAE among youth who were remanded for a forensic psychiatric/psychological assessment, indicating the need for increased education and awareness among those in the criminal justice system involved with these youth. Expand
Estimation of national, regional, and global prevalence of alcohol use during pregnancy and fetal alcohol syndrome: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
TLDR
The global prevalence of alcohol use during pregnancy was estimated to be 9·8% and the estimated prevalence of FAS in the general population was 14·6 per 10 000 people (95% CI 9·4-23·3). Expand
Intellectual Disabilities Among Prisoners: Prevalence and Mental and Physical Health Comorbidities
TLDR
More research is required on prevalence rates and associated comorbidities of ID within prison settings, taking into account the heterogeneity of the population with ID. Expand
Annual Report of the Office of the Correctional Investigator 20152016
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Dysregulation of the cortisol diurnal rhythm following prenatal alcohol exposure and early life adversity.
TLDR
Results lend weight to the suggestion that PAE and ELA may interact to sensitize the developing HPA axis, and the presence of protective factors may buffer altered cortisol regulation, underscoring the importance of early assessment and interventions for children with FASD. Expand
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