Final Consonants and Glottalization: New Perspectives from Hanoi Vietnamese

@article{Michaud2004FinalCA,
  title={Final Consonants and Glottalization: New Perspectives from Hanoi Vietnamese},
  author={Alexis Michaud},
  journal={Phonetica},
  year={2004},
  volume={61},
  pages={119 - 146}
}
  • A. Michaud
  • Published 1 April 2004
  • Linguistics
  • Phonetica
Abstract The evolution from final obstruents to final glottal stop and then to rhymeglottalization (i.e. from /at/ to /aʔ/, then to /aˀ/) is a well-established general trendin the history of the Sino-Tibetan language family and beyond. It has further beenshown by laryngoscopy that in three languages which retain the nonreleasedsyllable-final obstruents /p/, /t/ and /k/ (Standard Thai, and two Chinese dialects),these obstruents are often accompanied by a glottal stop. The present researchraises… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Nasal release, nasal finals and tonal contrasts in Hanoi Vietnamese: an aerodynamic experiment
The present research addresses three issues in the phonetics of Hanoi Vietnamese: (i) What are the airflow characteristics of the obstruent-final rhymes? (ii) Rhymes with final nasal consonants /m/,
Physical and phonological causes of coda /t/ glottalization in the mainstream American English of central Ohio
In American English, a glottal stop is sometimes pronounced in place of an expected syllable coda /t/, and audible glottalization is attested before both /t/ and /p/ in coda position. Following
Production and perception of Vietnamese final stop consonants /p, t, k/
TLDR
This paper analyses these final consonants in terms of the vowel-consonant (VC) transition duration, the starting formant transition values and the slopes of the VC transition for Vietnamese distinguishing three final voiceless stop consonants without bursts.
A pilot study on the F0 curve of syllable-initial sonorants, comparing nasals, lenis stops and fortis stops
Several publications raise the issue whether the F0 curve of syllable-initial sonorants can play a prosodic role. The experimental evidence adduced in the present pilot study consists of 15 C1VC2
A glottalized tone in Muong (Vietic): a pilot study based on audio and electroglottographic recordings
The combination of pitch and glottalization (glottal constriction or lapse into creaky voice) as relevant phonetic/phonological dimensions of lexical tone is found in several language families in
The interplay of intonation and complex lexical tones: how speaker attitudes affect the realization of glottalization on vietnamese sentence-final particles
TLDR
This study focuses on how speaker attitude affects the realization of glottalization on two sentence-final particles (SFPs) carrying tones 3 and 6: đa [IPA: ɗa3], conveying tense-aspect-modality information, and ạ, conveying politeness.
Intonational phrase marking in Southern Vietnamese
Earlier studies of Vietnamese prosody, which, to a single exception, looked at the Northern dialect, portray a language in which intonation is weak, variable and idiosyncratic. The intonational
Vietnamese Final Stop Consonants /p, t, k/ Described in Terms of Formant Transition Slopes
TLDR
This paper analyses the vowel-consonant (VC) and consonant-vowel-consOnant (CVC) productions in terms of the transition duration, the starting formant transition values and the slopes of the VC transitions to explain why Vietnamese could not pronounce the short vowels in isolation.
The origin of tones in Vietnamese
This paper revisits Maspero’s (1912) insights about the Vietnamese tone system and its link with consonant types. H. Maspero noted structural similarities between the tone systems of Vietnamese and
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 148 REFERENCES
The origin of tones in Viet-Muong
Andre G. Haudricourt, in his seminal article "De l'origine des tons en vietnamien" (1954), showed masterly that the three tones of Ancient Vietnamese originated from ancient laryngeal finals. In
ARTICULATORY PROSODIES IN GERMAN REDUCED SPEECH
Starting from spontaneous speech data of the Kiel Corpus, reduct-ion patterns of function words are described, which also incorporate more global articulatory prosodies, such as nasality, labiality
Vietnamese and tonogenesis: Revising the model and the analysis
SummaryOur most widely-used model of tonogenesis is Haudricourt’s 1954 classic analysis of Vietnamese tonogenesis. Thispaper examines Vietnamese evidence and this dominant model of tonogenesis,
Glottal Stops and Glottalization in German
Abstract This paper presents the results of an auditory and instrumental investigation into glottal stops and glottalization as boundary markers in German colloquial read speech of a North German
Thai Final Stops: Cross-Language Perception
Abstract As part of a project seeking a better understanding of the links between speech production and perception, we have conducted experiments on the perception of Thai word-final stop consonants
The Sounds of the World's Languages
Ladefoged and Maddieson (L&M) have set themselves the formidable task of giving “a description of all the known ways in which the sounds of the world’s languages differ,” in order to provide the
Evidence for a laryngeal tier in Vietnamese
In this paper both historical and morphological evidence are used to establish two conclusions of theoretical import for the study of the Vietnamese tone system: 1) tone (in the Hanoi dialect, at
History through loanwords: The loan correspondences between Hani and Chinese
The stratification of Chinese loanwords into Dazhai Hani, a Tibeto-Burman language, has been studied. The basic principles (principle of coherence; extended principle of coherence) guiding analysis
Pitch accent realization in four varieties of British English
TLDR
It is shown that different varieties of one language can share intonological specifications but differ in the way these specifications are realized inF0, and that the reverse is also possible.
HISTORY THROUGH LOANWORDS
the stratification of Chinese loanwords into Dazhai Hani, a Tibeto-Burman language, has been studied. The basic principles (principle of coherence; extended principle of coherence) guiding analysis
...
1
2
3
4
5
...