Filter Bubbles, Echo Chambers, and Online News Consumption

  title={Filter Bubbles, Echo Chambers, and Online News Consumption},
  author={Seth Flaxman and Sharad Goel and Justin M. Rao},
  journal={Public Opinion Quarterly},
Online publishing, social networks, and web search have dramatically lowered the costs of producing, distributing, and discovering news articles. Some scholars argue that such technological changes increase exposure to diverse perspectives, while others worry that they increase ideological segregation. We address the issue by examining webbrowsing histories for 50,000 US-located users who regularly read online news. We find that social networks and search engines are associated with an increase… 
Echo-chambers in online news consumption: Evidence from survey and navigation data in Spain
Whether people live in echo-chambers when they consume political information online has been the subject of much academic and public debate. This article contributes to this debate combining survey
Political Polarization in Online News Consumption
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Social Media, News Consumption, and Polarization: Evidence from a Field Experiment
Does the consumption of ideologically congruent news on social media exacerbate polarization? I estimate the effects of social media news exposure by conducting a large field experiment randomly
Understanding Filter Bubbles and Polarization in Social Networks
This work modify the classic Friedkin-Johnsen opinion dynamics model by introducing another actor, the network administrator, who filters content for users by making small changes to the edge weights of a social network (for example, adjusting a news feed algorithm to change the level of interaction between users).
The complex link between filter bubbles and opinion polarization
There is public and scholarly debate about the effects of personalized recommender systems implemented in online social networks, online markets, and search engines. Some have warned that
Echo Chambers on Social Media: A comparative analysis
Support is found for the hypothesis that platforms implementing news feed algorithms like Facebook may elicit the emergence of echo-chambers, and for the role of the social media platform on news consumption by comparing Reddit and Facebook.
Facebook news and (de)polarization: reinforcing spirals in the 2016 US election
ABSTRACT The rise of social media, and specifically Facebook, as a dominant force in the flow of news in the United States has led to concern that people incur greater isolation from diverse
Post Post-Broadcast Democracy? News Exposure in the Age of Online Intermediaries
Online intermediaries such as social network sites or search engines are playing an increasingly central role in democracy by acting as mediators between information producers and citizens. Academic
Bubble Trouble: Strategies Against Filter Bubbles in Online Social Networks
It can be concluded that in today’s digital age, it is important not only to inform users about the existence of filter bubbles, but also about various possible strategies for dealing with them.


New Media and the Polarization of American Political Discourse
Scholars of political communication have long examined newsworthiness by focusing on the news choices of media organizations (Lewin, 1947; White, 1950; Sigal, 1973; Gans, 1979). However, in recent
Exposure to ideologically diverse news and opinion on Facebook
Examination of the news that millions of Facebook users' peers shared, what information these users were presented with, and what they ultimately consumed found that friends shared substantially less cross-cutting news from sources aligned with an opposing ideology.
Echo chambers online?: Politically motivated selective exposure among Internet news users
  • R. Garrett
  • Psychology
    J. Comput. Mediat. Commun.
  • 2009
Testing the idea that the desire for opinion reinforcement may play a more important role in shaping individuals’ exposure to online political information than an aversion to opinion challenge demonstrates that opinion-reinforcing information promotes news story exposure while opinion-challenging information makes exposure only marginally less likely.
Red Media, Blue Media: Evidence of Ideological Selectivity in Media Use
We show that the demand for news varies with the perceived affinity of the news organization to the consumer’s political preferences. In an experimental setting, conservatives and Republicans
Selective Exposure in the Age of Social Media
It is hypothesized that social media’s distinctive feature, social endorsements, trigger several decision heuristics that suggest utility, and it is demonstrated that stronger social endorsements increase the probability that people select content and that their presence reduces partisan selective exposure to levels indistinguishable from chance.
The Seeds of Audience Fragmentation: Specialization in the Use of Online News Sites
Contemporary normative concerns that the Internet might fragment national audiences and polities are based on suggestions that the medium is particularly conducive to specialized use. However,
A Balanced News Diet, Not Selective Exposure: Evidence from a Direct Measure of Media Exposure
This study provides the first direct assessment of the extent to which citizens encounter news and opinion challenging their political views via mass media. The widely accepted conjecture that people
The Impact of News Aggregators on Internet News Consumption: The Case of Localization
The inclusion of local content by Google News had mixed effects on local outlets: it increased their traffic, especially in the short run, but it also increased the reliance of users on Google News for their choices of news, and increased the dispersion of user attention across outlets.
Self-Segregation or Deliberation? Blog Readership, Participation, and Polarization in American Politics
There is active debate among political scientists and political theorists over the relationship between participation and deliberation among citizens with different political viewpoints. Internet
The Market for News
We investigate the market for news under two assumptions: that readers hold beliefs which they like to see confirmed, and that newspapers can slant stories toward these beliefs. We show that, on the