File Sharing: Creative Destruction or Just Plain Destruction?*

  title={File Sharing: Creative Destruction or Just Plain Destruction?*},
  author={Stan J. Liebowitz},
  journal={The Journal of Law and Economics},
  pages={1 - 28}
  • S. Liebowitz
  • Published 1 April 2006
  • Economics
  • The Journal of Law and Economics
The sharing of sound recordings over the Internet is the newest controversy in a long-running battle between copyright owners and copying technologies. In order to provide some context, perspective, and background, this paper examines the short history of file sharing, the longer history of record sales, various explanations for the change in record sales, and some analysis of the economics of copying. Although file sharing has been imperfectly and inconsistently measured, it nevertheless… 
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Although previous forms of copying have been found to often have benign effects on copyright owners the rise in file-sharing has coincided with a steep decline in the sale of sound recordings. This
The Effect of File Sharing on Record Sales: An Empirical Analysis
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The evidence strongly suggests that file-sharing harms the sound recording industry, with the finding that the effect of ‘sampling’ of copyrighted materials can be expected to have a negative impact on copyright owners.
Pitfalls in Measuring the Impact of File-Sharing
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Measuring the Effect of File Sharing on Music Purchases*
File sharing may substantially undermine the intellectual property rights of digital goods. This paper concentrates on the music industry. I estimate the effect of music downloads on the probability
The Impact of Reprography on the Copyright System
This is a report performed for the Canadian government in 1981 on the impact of copying (photocopying) on copyright holders. As far as I know, it was the first theoretical claim that copying might
File Sharing and International Sales of Copyrighted Music: An Empirical Analysis with a Panel of Countries
Global music sales have substantially fallen in the last four years. This paper uses a panel of country-level data to investigate the extent to which this is a consequence of file sharing. I find
Measuring the Effect of Music Downloads on Music Purchases
File sharing may substantially undermine intellectual property rights of digital goods. This paper concentrates on the music industry. I estimate the effect of music downloads on music sales using
Copying and Indirect Appropriability: Photocopying of Journals
  • S. Liebowitz
  • Computer Science
    Journal of Political Economy
  • 1985
It is shown that the unauthorized copying of intellectual properties need not be harmful and actually may be beneficial and that photocopying has not harmed journal publishers.
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