Fifty years of Monte Carlo simulations for medical physics

  title={Fifty years of Monte Carlo simulations for medical physics},
  author={David W. O. Rogers},
  journal={Physics in Medicine \& Biology},
  pages={R287 - R301}
  • D. Rogers
  • Published 7 July 2006
  • Physics, Medicine
  • Physics in Medicine & Biology
Monte Carlo techniques have become ubiquitous in medical physics over the last 50 years with a doubling of papers on the subject every 5 years between the first PMB paper in 1967 and 2000 when the numbers levelled off. While recognizing the many other roles that Monte Carlo techniques have played in medical physics, this review emphasizes techniques for electron–photon transport simulations. The broad range of codes available is mentioned but there is special emphasis on the EGS4/EGSnrc code… 

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