# Fifty years of Monte Carlo simulations for medical physics

@article{Rogers2006FiftyYO, title={Fifty years of Monte Carlo simulations for medical physics}, author={David W. O. Rogers}, journal={Physics in Medicine \& Biology}, year={2006}, volume={51}, pages={R287 - R301} }

Monte Carlo techniques have become ubiquitous in medical physics over the last 50 years with a doubling of papers on the subject every 5 years between the first PMB paper in 1967 and 2000 when the numbers levelled off. While recognizing the many other roles that Monte Carlo techniques have played in medical physics, this review emphasizes techniques for electron–photon transport simulations. The broad range of codes available is mentioned but there is special emphasis on the EGS4/EGSnrc code…

## 447 Citations

### MONTE CARLO SIMULATIONS IN MEDICAL IMAGING

- Physics, Medicine
- 2010

The main advantage of Monte Carlo methodology deals with the simulation of stochastic processes involving random behavior and the quantification of physical parameters that are difficult or even impossible to calculate by experimental measurements.

### Monte carlo techniques in radiation medicine

- Physics, Medicine
- 2012

The significance of application and ease of utilization of Monte Carlo codes even with minimum computational knowledge were clearly demonstrated and should be utilized and properly taught in all clinical and research centers.

### Particles Simulation Through Matter in Medical Physics Using the Geant4 Toolkit: From Conventional to Laser-Driven Hadrontherapy

- PhysicsSpringer Proceedings in Physics
- 2019

The use of the open-source Geant4 toolkit for the simulation of a typical hadrontherapy passive beamline and how it can be efficiently used to retrieve critical parameters like LET and RBE is presented.

### Applications of MCNP simulation in treatment planning: a comparative study

- Medicine, PhysicsRadiation and environmental biophysics
- 2020

It is concluded that the MCNPX code and the models developed in the present study can be used in different conditions where these parameters are involved, improving individualized treatment planning for individual patients.

### Monte Carlo methods for device simulations in radiation therapy

- Medicine, PhysicsPhysics in medicine and biology
- 2021

The aim of this article is to review the MC method for device simulations in radiation therapy, and discusses the impact that MC simulations had in this field and the role of MC in future device design.

### A GPU implementation of EGSnrc's Monte Carlo photon transport for imaging applications

- PhysicsPhysics in medicine and biology
- 2011

A parallel implementation of the photon transport mechanism of EGSnrc for graphics processing units (GPUs) using NVIDIA's Compute Unified Device Architecture (CUDA).

### Innovations in Computer Technologies Have Impacted Radiation Dosimetry Through Anatomically Realistic Phantoms and Fast Monte Carlo Simulations.

- Physics, MedicineHealth physics
- 2019

The history of three generations of computational human phantoms and new development of the graphics processing unit-based Monte Carlo radiation dose calculations are introduced and a new Monte Carlo code, ARCHER, is introduced.

### ELECTRON ABSORBED DOSE COMPARISON BETWEEN MCNP5 AND PENELOPE MONTE CARLO CODE FOR MICRODOSIMETRY

- Physics
- 2009

The objective of the present work was to compare electron absorbed dose results between two widespread used codes in international scientific community: MCNP5 and Penelope-2003. Individual water…

### Cobalt Therapy Dosimetric Calculations Over a Voxelized Heterogeneous Phantom: Validation of Different Monte Carlo Models and Methodologies Against Experimental Data

- Physics, MedicineIEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science
- 2006

Simulating the electron and photon transport in a water phantom irradiated by a Theratron 780 (MDS Nordion) 60Co radiotherapy unit, which has been realistically modeled, considering field sizes from 5 cmtimes5 cm to 20 cmtimes20 cm.

### A Review of the Recent Monte Carlo (MC) Simulation for Dosimetry in Mammographic Applications

- Medicine, Physics
- 2018

The applications of Monte Carlo simulation for the process dosimetry in mammography, such as radiation modelling, organ dose calculation, tumor growth analysis, etc., were discussed in this review.

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