Fieldwork on Another Planet: Social Science Perspectives on the Autism Spectrum

  title={Fieldwork on Another Planet: Social Science Perspectives on the Autism Spectrum},
  author={Chloe Silverman},
The autism spectrum disorders are a group of neurodevelopmental syndromes of communication, behavior and social cognition. Over the past decade, they have received increasing attention from scholars in the social sciences. This research has been motivated by the prospect of critiquing and improving support services and therapies, by self-advocates who have argued that autism should be tolerated as a form of difference rather than treated as a disorder, and by the interest inherent in syndromes… 
Cross-Cultural Autism Studies, Neurodiversity, and Conceptualizations of Autism
  • M. A. Cascio
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Culture, medicine and psychiatry
  • 2015
This special issue of Culture, Medicine, and Psychiatry presents six papers along the theme of ‘‘Conceptualizing Autism around the Globe’’, which identifies the following characteristics of this emergent field: A holistic view that considers the place of autism in the larger sociocultural context.
Social order and disorder in autism
This thesis investigates autism as it has been understood in the cognitive and social (neuro)sciences, within the United Kingdom, since 1985. Of specific interest is how these sciences discover,
Tracing disorder across theories of autism, empathy, and mental health care
Abstract Categories of mental disorders are generally understood through a biomedical paradigm of clinical research, diagnosis, and intervention. Here, diagnoses operate as professional tools,
Diagnosing Autism Spectrum Disorders in Children: Medical and Social Perspectives.
In this submission, five articles are presented examining one theme: diagnosis of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in children. Three articles provides perspectives on various social and medical
Social Studies of Autism
Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterised by socio-communicative impairments and restricted interests and repetitive behaviours. While autism is today diagnosed in approximately 1 in 100
The ethics of autism
The diagnosis of autism is on the rise. Autistic people, parents, professionals, and policy makers alike face important questions about the right approach toward autism. For example, there are
‘Wired up differently’: Autism, adolescence and the politics of neurological identities
With the rapid rise in neuroscience research in the last two decades, neuroscientific claims have travelled far beyond the laboratory and increasingly, ‘facts’ about the brain have entered the
The Cerebral Subject and the Challenge of Neurodiversity
The neurodiversity movement has so far been dominated by autistic people who believe their condition is not a disease to be treated and, if possible, cured, but rather a human specificity (like sex
What is this thing called autism? A critical analysis of the tenacious search for autism's essence
Currently, autism is a widespread and diverse neurodevelopmental disorder that includes both severely impaired and institutionalized patients and the fairly geeky but brilliant university professor.
Autism and social movements in France : exploring cross-cultural differences
At the international level, the study of the historical dynamics of the mobilization of the autistic persons' organizations shows that they refuse the representation of autism as a disease.


Autism and the Social World: An Anthropological Perspective
This article offers an anthropological perspective on autism, a condition at once neurological and social, which complements existing psychological accounts of the disorder, expanding the scope of
Defining the broader phenotype of autism: Genetic, brain, and behavioral perspectives
Six candidate broader phenotype autism traits are proposed and it is argued that knowledge of the cognitive neuroscience of social and language behavior will provide a useful framework for defining such measures.
Constructing Autism: Unravelling the 'Truth' and Understanding the Social
Autism is now considered to be one of the most common developmental disorders today, yet 100 years ago the term did not exist. This book examines the historical and social events that enabled autism
Inclusion as Social Practice: Views of Children with Autism
This study illuminates the social realities of inclusion of 16 high functioning children with autism (HFA) in public schools in the United States. The study suggests that the practice of inclusion
Incidence of autism spectrum disorders: Changes over time and their meaning *
To use published empirical findings to consider whether the rise reflects a true increase in incidence, as distinct from the consequences of better ascertainment and a broadening of the diagnostic concept, and to consider how epidemiological data may be used to test hypotheses about possible causal influences.
Understanding autism: parents and pediatricians in historical perspective.
The role of parents and advocates in autism research and treatment over the last 50 years is investigated and it is believed that this historical account will help pediatricians and researchers recognize that families can contribute to expert understanding of complex medical conditions such as autism.
Introduction: Discourse and Autism
which autism organizes discourse, and, in doing so, illuminates certain fundamental underpinnings of discourse competence. Autism is a neurological disorder that hinders social, cognitive, and
Autism and social movements: French parents' associations and international autistic individuals' organisations.
  • B. Chamak
  • Medicine, Psychology
    Sociology of health & illness
  • 2008
It is suggested that both the autism-category changes in the late 1980s, and the development of educational and behavioural methods in the United States, have given rise to a large-scale mobilisation around the changes inThe definition of autism and interventions in many countries.
What Can We Learn about Autism from Autistic Persons?
The results suggest that what has been selected as major signs by psychiatric nosography is regarded as manifestations induced by perceptive peculiarities and strong emotional reactions by the autistic persons who expressed themselves, and deserves to be taken into account by professionals to better understand the behavior and needs of autistic persons.
The Need for Cross-Cultural Research on the Pervasive Developmental Disorders
Research on the pervasive developmental disorders within a cultural context and in developing countries has received limited attention from both the fields of mental health and anthropology. Although