Fieldwork on Another Planet: Social Science Perspectives on the Autism Spectrum

  title={Fieldwork on Another Planet: Social Science Perspectives on the Autism Spectrum},
  author={Chloe Silverman},
  • C. Silverman
  • Published 1 September 2008
  • Psychology
  • BioSocieties
The autism spectrum disorders are a group of neurodevelopmental syndromes of communication, behavior and social cognition. Over the past decade, they have received increasing attention from scholars in the social sciences. This research has been motivated by the prospect of critiquing and improving support services and therapies, by self-advocates who have argued that autism should be tolerated as a form of difference rather than treated as a disorder, and by the interest inherent in syndromes… 

Cross-Cultural Autism Studies, Neurodiversity, and Conceptualizations of Autism

This special issue of Culture, Medicine, and Psychiatry presents six papers along the theme of ‘‘Conceptualizing Autism around the Globe’’, which identifies the following characteristics of this emergent field: A holistic view that considers the place of autism in the larger sociocultural context.

Social order and disorder in autism

This thesis investigates autism as it has been understood in the cognitive and social (neuro)sciences, within the United Kingdom, since 1985. Of specific interest is how these sciences discover,

Tracing disorder across theories of autism, empathy, and mental health care

Abstract Categories of mental disorders are generally understood through a biomedical paradigm of clinical research, diagnosis, and intervention. Here, diagnoses operate as professional tools,

Diagnosing Autism Spectrum Disorders in Children: Medical and Social Perspectives.

Overall, it is argued, the work supports the conceptualisation of ASD as both a biologically and socially determined condition.

Social Studies of Autism

Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterised by socio-communicative impairments and restricted interests and repetitive behaviours. While autism is today diagnosed in approximately 1 in 100

The ethics of autism

The diagnosis of autism is on the rise. Autistic people, parents, professionals, and policy makers alike face important questions about the right approach toward autism. For example, there are

The Cerebral Subject and the Challenge of Neurodiversity

The neurodiversity movement has so far been dominated by autistic people who believe their condition is not a disease to be treated and, if possible, cured, but rather a human specificity (like sex

What is this thing called autism? A critical analysis of the tenacious search for autism's essence

Currently, autism is a widespread and diverse neurodevelopmental disorder that includes both severely impaired and institutionalized patients and the fairly geeky but brilliant university professor.

Autism and social movements in France : exploring cross-cultural differences

At the international level, the study of the historical dynamics of the mobilization of the autistic persons' organizations shows that they refuse the representation of autism as a disease.

Beyond V40.31: Narrative Phenomenology of Wandering in Autism and Dementia

‘wandering’ is examined at the intersections of personal experience, family life, clinical practice, public health policy, and legislation, as a conceptually rich site where notions of personhood, subjectivity, intentionality, and quality of life powerfully and consequentially converge to impact the lives of many people with ASD and AD, and their families.



Autism and the Social World: An Anthropological Perspective

This article offers an anthropological perspective on autism, a condition at once neurological and social, which complements existing psychological accounts of the disorder, expanding the scope of

Defining the broader phenotype of autism: Genetic, brain, and behavioral perspectives

Six candidate broader phenotype autism traits are proposed and it is argued that knowledge of the cognitive neuroscience of social and language behavior will provide a useful framework for defining such measures.

Constructing Autism: Unravelling the 'Truth' and Understanding the Social

Autism is now considered to be one of the most common developmental disorders today, yet 100 years ago the term did not exist. This book examines the historical and social events that enabled autism

Inclusion as Social Practice: Views of Children with Autism

This study illuminates the social realities of inclusion of 16 high functioning children with autism (HFA) in public schools in the United States. The study suggests that the practice of inclusion

Incidence of autism spectrum disorders: Changes over time and their meaning *

To use published empirical findings to consider whether the rise reflects a true increase in incidence, as distinct from the consequences of better ascertainment and a broadening of the diagnostic concept, and to consider how epidemiological data may be used to test hypotheses about possible causal influences.

Understanding autism: parents and pediatricians in historical perspective.

The role of parents and advocates in autism research and treatment over the last 50 years is investigated and it is believed that this historical account will help pediatricians and researchers recognize that families can contribute to expert understanding of complex medical conditions such as autism.

Introduction: Discourse and Autism

which autism organizes discourse, and, in doing so, illuminates certain fundamental underpinnings of discourse competence. Autism is a neurological disorder that hinders social, cognitive, and

Autism and social movements: French parents' associations and international autistic individuals' organisations.

  • B. Chamak
  • Psychology
    Sociology of health & illness
  • 2008
It is suggested that both the autism-category changes in the late 1980s, and the development of educational and behavioural methods in the United States, have given rise to a large-scale mobilisation around the changes inThe definition of autism and interventions in many countries.

The Need for Cross-Cultural Research on the Pervasive Developmental Disorders

Research on the pervasive developmental disorders within a cultural context and in developing countries has received limited attention from both the fields of mental health and anthropology. Although

Understanding other minds : perspectives from autism

Part 1 Introduction: an introduction to the debate early understanding of mind - the normal case social development in autism - historical and clinical perspectives. Part 2 The theory-of-mind