Fields and field cancerization: The preneoplastic origins of cancer

@article{Rubin2011FieldsAF,
  title={Fields and field cancerization: The preneoplastic origins of cancer},
  author={Harry Rubin},
  journal={BioEssays},
  year={2011},
  volume={33}
}
  • H. Rubin
  • Published 1 March 2011
  • Medicine
  • BioEssays
Most basic research on cancer concerns genetic changes in benign and malignant tumors. Yet evidence indicates that the majority of the mutations in tumors occur in the preneoplastic field stage of their development. That early stage is represented by grossly invisible, broad regions of “field cancerization” which have not, heretofore, been operationally analyzed in cell culture. Conditions are described for quantitating preneoplasia by increased saturation density followed by progression to… 
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