Field theoretical study of a spin-1/2 ladder with unequal chain exchanges

@article{Sarkar2002FieldTS,
  title={Field theoretical study of a spin-1/2 ladder with unequal chain exchanges},
  author={Sujit Sarkar and Diptiman Sen Mpipks and Dresden. and IISc. and Bangalore},
  journal={Physical Review B},
  year={2002},
  volume={65},
  pages={172408}
}
We study the low-energy properties of a Heisenberg spin-1/2 zigzag ladder with different exchange constants on the two chains. Using a nonlinear sigma-model field theory and Abelian bosonization, we find that the excitations are gapless, with a finite spin-wave velocity, if the values of the chain exchanges are small. If the chain exchanges are large, the system is gapped, and the energy spectra of the kink and antikink excitations are different from each other. 
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