Field Testing of Physiological Responses Associated with Nordic Walking

@article{Church2002FieldTO,
  title={Field Testing of Physiological Responses Associated with Nordic Walking},
  author={Timothy S. Church and Conrad P. Earnest and Gina M. Morss},
  journal={Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport},
  year={2002},
  volume={73},
  pages={296 - 300}
}
Abstract This study compared the physiological responses (oxygen consumption and energy expenditure) of Nordic Walking to regular walking under field-testing conditions. Eleven women (M age = 27.1 years, SD = 6.4) and 11 men (M age = 33.8 years, SD = 9.0) walked 1,600 m with and without walking poles on a level, 200-m track. For women, Nordic Walking resulted in increased oxygen consumption (M = 14.9 ml·kg1·min−1 , SD = 3.2 vs. M = 17.9 ml·kg1·min−1 , SD = 3.5; p < .001), caloric expenditure (M… 

Nordic walking versus natural walking: an easy approach to comparing metabolic demands

Nordic walking revealed to be an effective means for improving cardiovascular fitness in populations with a low tolerance for exertion and to be effective for further evaluation of other variables and/or use in other contexts (e.g. high altitude and climbing).

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Effect of Pole Weight on Nordic Walking

It was confirmed that use of NW poles increased HR at a given upper arm muscle activity but decreased lower limb EMGs in comparison with W, and it was thought either of NW and 1kgNW were to have benefit as a physical exercise for safe, feasible, and readily training for a wide range of aged people in the quality of daily life.

Estimation of energy expenditure of Nordic walking: a crossover trial

This study aimed to characterize responses in oxygen uptake, minute ventilation, heart rate, systolic blood pressure, and surface electromyography of the upper and lower limb muscles during NW and W and develop a metabolic equation for energy expenditure of NW.

Energy Expenditure and Comfort During Nordic Walking With Different Pole Lengths

The substantially enhanced energy expenditure of Nordic walking compared with previous studies reflects the vigorous technique used here, and comfort was similar to poles of self-selected length.

Efficacy of Nordic walking in obesity management.

Nordic walking activity in obese women allows an increase in exercise intensity and adherence to a training program without increasing the perception of effort leading to enhanced aerobic capacity.

Physiological and Perceptual Responses to Nordic Walking in a Natural Mountain Environment

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    International journal of environmental research and public health
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Intensity of Nordic Walking in young females with different peak O2 consumption

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The Study of HR and Energy Expenditure Change according to Walking Types

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3-pound hand weight walking ways were proved to be a useful aerobic exercise method as whole body that achieves high-energy efficiency and can be recommended as a continuous and regulative aerobic exercise for some people.

Exploring Muscle Activation during Nordic Walking: A Comparison between Conventional and Uphill Walking

Although the difference in extra energy expenditure between NW and W was smaller in the uphill walking condition, the increased upper body muscle involvement during exercising with NW may confer additional benefit compared to conventional walking also on uphill terrains.
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