Field Scale Assessment of Artificial Topsoil: A Victorian Coal Mine Experience

  title={Field Scale Assessment of Artificial Topsoil: A Victorian Coal Mine Experience},
  author={Anna Birjak and Alena Walmsley and Nicole Anderson and Jon Missen and Mohan Yellishetty},
The Latrobe Valley is host to several open-cut coal mines which pose an environmental risk if poorly managed. To reduce risks associated with acid mine drainage and fire, progressive rehabilitation of batters is recommended. A lack of topsoil in the Latrobe Valley has led an industrial symbiosis to generate artificial topsoil’s (ATS). Based on previous experiments, three ATS were created by combining overburden (OB), brown coal (BC), fly ash (FA) and one of the two waste products from a local… 



Geotechnical and Hydrogeological Evaluation of Artificial Soils to Remediate Acid Mine Drainage and Improve Mine Rehabilitation – An Australian Case Study

This project investigates the feasibility of combining overburden (OB) produced from an open cut brown coal mine, rejected wood chip waste from a Kraft Paper Mill (KMR), and industrially derived

A review: Pyrite oxidation mechanisms and acid mine drainage prevention

Abstract Sulfide oxidation, part of sulfur's biotic/abiotic cycle, is an important natural phenomenon. However, because of the sulfide's association with metallic ores and fossil fuels in the form of

Transient salinity and subsoil constraints to dryland farming in Australian sodic soils: an overview

It is emphasised that transient salinity in the root zone of dryland agricultural soils is an important issue with potential for worse problems than watertable-induced seepage salinity and the future priorities needed in addressing these problems.

World salinization with emphasis on Australia.

  • P. Rengasamy
  • Environmental Science
    Journal of experimental botany
  • 2006
Examining soil processes that dictate the exact edaphic environment upon which root functions depend and can help in research on plant improvement is examined.

Irrigation and sodicity

The productivity of irrigated agriculture in Australia is low for most crops and one important factor is the physical and chemical constraints caused by sodicity in the rootzone. Over 80% of the

The pH of Australian soils: field results from a national survey

The pH is one of the fundamental soil properties governing nutrient availability, metal mobility, elemental toxicity, microbial activity, and plant growth. The field pH of topsoil (0–0.10 m depth)

Australian soils with saline and sodic properties

Twenty-seven classes of soils based on defined chemical criteria for salinity, sodicity, and alkalinity were established, and in the context of this study 25 of these are regarded as salt-affected


Phosphorus (P) is an essential nutrient required by plants for normal growth and development. The availability of P to plants for uptake and utilization is impaired in alkaline and calcareous soil

Nitrogen fixation by white clover when competing with grasses at moderately low temperatures

The capacity of white clover to compete successfully was limited by its slower growth and nitrogen accumulation, and the amount of nitrogen fixed per plant ofwhite clover decreased markedly with temperature, which accentuated competition for nitrate.