Field Experiments on Discrimination

  title={Field Experiments on Discrimination},
  author={Marianne Bertrand and Esther Duflo},
  journal={CEPR Discussion Paper Series},
This article reviews the existing field experimentation literature on the prevalence of discrimination, the consequences of such discrimination, and possible approaches to undermine it. We highlight key gaps in the literature and ripe opportunities for future field work. Section 1 reviews the various experimental methods that have been employed to measure the prevalence of discrimination, most notably audit and correspondence studies; it also describes several other measurement tools commonly… Expand
Discrimination in Modern Labor Markets: A Field Experiment
The preliminary study to determine whether ATS used in the hiring process racially discriminate does not find evidence of racial discrimination, and the initial resume evaluation process may be less significant than in the past. Expand
Ethnic discrimination in the Swiss labour market - Ethnic hierarchies in correspondence test results
s of the Papers Paper 1: Measuring Hiring Discrimination – A History of Field Experiments in Discrimination Research Zschirnt, E. (2016) “Measuring Hiring Discrimination – A History of FieldExpand
Understanding why employers discriminate, where and against whom: The potential of cross-national, factorial and multi-group field experiments
It is discussed how external validity can be maximized in a comparative research design that is both factorial (simultaneously varying multiple treatments) and double-comparative (comparing multiple origin groups in multiple destination countries). Expand
Comparative Perspectives on Racial Discrimination in Hiring: The Rise of Field Experiments
This article reviews studies of discrimination against racial and ethnic minority groups in hiring in cross-national comparative perspective. The authors focus on field-experimental studies of hiringExpand
The Contact Hypothesis Re-evaluated
This paper evaluates the state of contact hypothesis research from a policy perspective. Building on Pettigrew and Tropp's (2006) influential meta-analysis, we assemble all intergroup contact studiesExpand
More Women in Tech? Evidence from a Field Experiment Addressing Social Identity
We study the impact of using informational messaging aimed at encouraging women to seek a career in technology and the resulting trade-offs for organizations pursuing recruitment strategies of thisExpand
Examining discrimination in everyday life: a stated choice experiment on racism in the sharing economy
ABSTRACT Prejudice and discrimination in everyday life are persistent problems for most societies but difficult to uncover and explain by empirical social research. Complementing existing approachesExpand
Ethnic discrimination in hiring: comparing groups across contexts. Results from a cross-national field experiment
  • Bram Lancee
  • Psychology
  • Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
  • 2019
ABSTRACT Existing field experimental research unequivocally shows the existence of ethnic discrimination in the labour market. Furthermore, studies have documented considerable variation inExpand
Do Some Countries Discriminate More than Others? Evidence from 97 Field Experiments of Racial Discrimination in Hiring
Comparing levels of discrimination across countries can provide a window into large-scale social and political factors often described as the root of discrimination. Because of difficulties inExpand
Statistical Discrimination and the Rationalization of Stereotypes
The theory of statistical discrimination is a dominant social scientific framework for understanding discrimination in labor markets. To date, the literature has treated this theory as a model thatExpand


Attention Discrimination: Theory and Field Experiments
We link two important ideas: attention is scarce and a lack of information about an individual drives discrimination in selection decisions. We model how knowledge of ethnicity influences allocationExpand
Labor market discrimination in Lima, Peru: evidence from a field experiment
Latin America is seen as a highly discriminatory society. However, such a common belief appears not to be based on strong empirical evidence (Chong and Nopo, 2007). This paper exploits novelExpand
Prejudice reduction: what works? A review and assessment of research and practice.
Although some intergroup contact and cooperation interventions appear promising, a much more rigorous and broad-ranging empirical assessment of prejudice-reduction strategies is needed to determine what works. Expand
Beyond prejudice: are negative evaluations the problem and is getting us to like one another more the solution?
For most of the history of prejudice research, negativity has been treated as its emotional and cognitive signature, a conception that continues to dominate work on the topic. By this definition,Expand
Reducing implicit racial preferences: I. A comparative investigation of 17 interventions.
Eight of 17 interventions were effective at reducing implicit preferences for Whites compared with Blacks, particularly ones that provided experience with counterstereotypical exemplars, used evaluative conditioning methods, and provided strategies to override biases. Expand
Discrimination, Social Identity, and Durable Inequalities
What are the mechanisms by which societal discrimination affects individual achievement, and why do the effects of past discrimination endure once legal barriers are removed? We report the findingsExpand
Review of NSF Economics Proposals: Gender and Institutional Patterns
In a recent article in this journal, Rebecca Blank (1991) reported on the results of an experiment in which articles submitted to The American Economic Review were randomly assigned to a doubleorExpand
Seeing is believing: Exposure to counterstereotypic women leaders and its effect on the malleability of automatic gender stereotyping
Abstract Two studies tested the conditions under which social environments can undermine automatic gender stereotypic beliefs expressed by women. Study 1, a laboratory experiment, manipulatedExpand
Implicit Bias in the Courtroom
Given the substantial and growing scientific literature on implicit bias, the time has now come to confront a critical question: What, if anything, should we do about implicit bias in the courtroom?Expand
Temporal Distance and Discrimination
The identification of a temporal discrimination effect is consistent with the predictions of construal-level theory and implies that subtle contextual shifts can alter patterns of race- and gender-based discrimination. Expand