Field Assessments of Control Agents for Lesser Mealworm (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) using Litter Sampling

  title={Field Assessments of Control Agents for Lesser Mealworm (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) using Litter Sampling},
  author={Trevor A. Lambkin and Anthony J. Swain and Steven J. Rice and Justin S. Bartlett and Myron P. Zalucki},
  booktitle={Journal of economic entomology},
ABSTRACT Spinosad, diatomaceous earth, and cyfluthrin were assessed on two broiler farms at Gleneagle and Gatton in southeastern Queensland, Australia in 2004–2005 and 2007–2009, respectively to determine their effectiveness in controlling lesser mealworm, Alphitobius diaperinus (Panzer) (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). Insecticide treatments were applied mostly to earth or ‘hard’ cement floors of broiler houses before the placement of new bedding. Efficacy of each agent was assessed by regular… 
Field Assessments to Control the Lesser Mealworm (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) Using Diatomaceous Earth in Poultry Houses
Diatomaceous earth can be an important tool in the management of lesser mealworm insecticide resistance and is recommended for application at a concentration of 280 g/m2 when applied to the surface of new poultry litter, before the first lot of birds is housed.
Beauveria Bassiana Applied to Broiler Chicken Houses as Biocontrol of Alphitobius Diaperinus Panzer (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae), an Avian Pathogens Vector
The results demonstrate the potential of the applied control strategy, even with a single application of the fungus; however, reapplications may be required after 3-6 months for more effective control.
Application of Spinosad Increases the Susceptibility of Insecticide-Resistant Alphitobius diaperinus (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) to Pyrethroids
Evidence of a synergistic interaction between spinosad and pyrethroids in pyrethroid-resistant beetles is provided, which has significant implications for management of insecticide-resistant populations through an integratedspinosad-pyrethroid strategy that aims to minimize insecticide use while enhancing control.
Effects of Miscanthus × giganteus and Wheat Straw on Behavior, Survival, and Growth of Alphitobius diaperinus (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae)
While adult A. diaperinus strongly preferred wheat straw given a choice, late-instar preference and pupae emergence suggest that Miscanthus × giganteus may not be useful for suppressing A.appyinus populations.
The effect of a new product (cypermethrin-6%) under laboratory and field conditions and its in-vitro compatibility with the fungus Beauveria bassiana are evaluated, considering this strategy as a viable alternative for managing this pest.
In vitro assay and morphological characterization of a new product based on diatomaceous earth for lesser mealworm control in poultry houses
Diatomaceous earth is an inert powder obtained from milling the fossilized deposits of diatoms, mainly composed of silica dioxide, which is recommended for use in poultry houses as an evironmental con-ditioner, with a secondary action being the reduction of lesser mealworm populations Alphitobius diaperinus (Panzer).
12. Biological control of livestock pests: entomopathogens
The fungal pathogens Beauveria bassiana and Metarhizium anisopliae s.l. have received the most attention and have been evaluated against most of the major livestock and poultry pests, but more work is needed to identify efficacious isolates and develop formulations for both on- and off-host use.


Distributions of Lesser Mealworm (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) in Litter of a Compacted Earth Floor Broiler House in Subtropical Queensland, Australia
Distributions of lesser mealworm, Alphitobius diaperinus (Panzer) (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae), in litter of a compacted earth floor broiler house in southeastern Queensland, Australia, were studied over two flocks to determine optimal deployment of site-specific treatments for lesser mealworms control.
The lesser mealworm, Alphitobius diaperinus: field trials for control in a broiler house with insect growth regulators and pyrethroids.
Three benzoylurea insect growth regulators (lGRs) nnd two pyrcthroids provided 95%-100% control of larvae through n 42 d grow·out period, and the pyrethroids greatly reduced the adult beetle population within 7 d posttreatment and held the population at low levels through the 42 d study.
Factors Affecting Localized Abundance and Distribution of Lesser Mealworm in Earth-Floor Broiler Houses in Subtropical Australia
Abstract Factors that influence the localized abundance and distribution of lesser mealworm, Alphitobius diaperinus (Panzer), in litter of two compacted earth-floor broiler houses in subtropical
Susceptibility of Alphitobius diaperinus (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) from Broiler Facilities in Texas to Four Insecticides
Newer generation pyrethroids examined in this study seem to be suitable for suppressing A. diaperinus populations in broiler facilities.
Baseline Responses of Alphitobius diaperinus (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) to Spinosad, and Susceptibility of Broiler Populations in Eastern and Southern Australia
S sustained future usefulness of spinosad as a broiler house treatment will rely on effective integrated beetle management programs combined with carefully planned chemical use strategies.
Baseline Responses of Adult Alphitobius diaperinus (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) to Fenitrothion and Susceptibility Status of Populations in Queensland and New South Wales, Australia
  • T. Lambkin
  • Biology, Medicine
    Journal of economic entomology
  • 2005
Application of fenitrothion in Australian broiler houses for control of A. diaperinus has now ceased and dose–mortality data generated for the susceptible reference beetle population over a range of fyodorous concentrations showed that 0.15% fen itrothion at a LC99.9 level could be used as a convenient topical dose concentration to discriminate between susceptible and resistant individuals.
Spatial Analysis of Alphitobius diaperinus (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) in Broiler Production Facilities
Spatial maps of beetle occurrence based on trap counts display areas in the facility where control efforts would have the greatest impact on beetle numbers, whereas modeling is a less costly alternative than conventional sampling methods for finding areas of high beetle occurrence.
Baseline Responses of Alphitobius diaperinus (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) to Cyfluthrin and Detection of Strong Resistance in Field Populations in Eastern Australia
Abstract Resistance to cyfluthrin in broiler farm populations of lesser mealworm, Alphitobius diaperinus (Panzer) (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae), in eastern Australia was suspected to have contributed
Resistance to cyfluthrin and tetrachlorvinphos in the lesser mealworm, Alphitobius diaperinus, collected from the eastern United States
The toxicity of cyfluthrin and tetrachlorvinphos to five strains of the lesser mealworm was compared with the toxicity to a susceptible laboratory strain, and patterns of resistance did not mirror the insecticide use patterns reported at these facilities.
Monitoring and Characterization of Diamondback Moth (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) Resistance to Spinosad
Spray tests using the recommended field rates of spinosad on potted broccoli plants in the greenhouse confirmed that field control failures due to resistance were possible in the areas of these collections, and analysis of probit lines from F1 reciprocal crosses between the Pearl-Sel and S strain indicated that resistance tospinosad was inherited autosomally and was incompletely recessive.