Fibrinogen and fibrin structure and functions

@article{Mosesson2005FibrinogenAF,
  title={Fibrinogen and fibrin structure and functions},
  author={Michael W. Mosesson},
  journal={Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis},
  year={2005},
  volume={3}
}
  • M. Mosesson
  • Published 1 August 2005
  • Biology
  • Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis
Summary.  Fibrinogen molecules are comprised of two sets of disulfide‐bridged Aα‐, Bβ‐, and γ‐chains. Each molecule contains two outer D domains connected to a central E domain by a coiled‐coil segment. Fibrin is formed after thrombin cleavage of fibrinopeptide A (FPA) from fibrinogen Aα‐chains, thus initiating fibrin polymerization. Double‐stranded fibrils form through end‐to‐middle domain (D:E) associations, and concomitant lateral fibril associations and branching create a clot network… 

Structure and Functions of Fibrinogen and Fibrin

Fibrinogen molecules consist of three pairs of disulfide-bridged chains joined together in the amino-terminal central E domain, which is connected by coiled coils to its outer D domains to account for the complete elastic recovery of maximally stretched fibrin after maximum clot deformation.

The structure of soluble fibrin oligomers

This work has shown that, in the presence of mod erate concentrations of urea, the formation of equili brated soluble rod shaped oligomers was observed both in the case of desAABB fibrin and desAAfibrin, derived from fibr inogen, respectively, under the treat ment with either thrombin or reptilase.

Disturbance of functional properties of fibrinogen under ozone oxidation

Fibrinogen is a soluble plasma protein that plays the key role in fibrinogenesis. This is a dimer consisting of three pairs of polypeptide chains ( A α , B β , γ ) 2 , which form five major domains:

Fibrinogen and factor XIII at the intersection of coagulation, fibrinolysis and inflammation.

  • B. Hoppe
  • Biology, Medicine
    Thrombosis and haemostasis
  • 2014
The present review summarises current knowledge of fibrinogen's and factor XIII's function in coagulation and fibrinolysis giving special emphasis on their relation to inflammation control.

Roles of fibrin α- and γ-chain specific cross-linking by FXIIIa in fibrin structure and function.

It is shown that α- and γ-chain cross-linking play independent and specific roles in fibrin clot formation and structure.

Chorography and conformational dynamism of the Soluble Human Fibrinogen in solution

This work provides a molecular basis for the structural “dynamism” of fibrinogen that is expected to influence the broad swath of functionally diverse macromolecular interactions and fine-tune the structural and mechanical properties of blood clots.

Missing regions within the molecular architecture of human fibrin clots structurally resolved by XL-MS and integrative structural modeling

The structural models of the fibrinogen α-chain (excluding two highly flexible regions) and the N termini of the β-chain are constructed, confirm these models with known structural arrangements, and map how the structure laterally aggregates to form intricate lattices together with the γ-chain.

Flexible regions in the molecular architecture of Human fibrin clots structurally resolved by XL-MS and integrative structural modeling

The resulting model will be invaluable for research on dysfibrinogenemia and amyloidosis, as it provides insights into the molecular mechanisms of thrombosis and bleeding disorders related to fibr inogen variants.

Altered structure and function of fibrinogen after cleavage by Factor VII Activating Protease (FSAP).

Phase Separation of Intrinsically Disordered Protein Polymers Mechanically Stiffens Fibrin Clots

The ability of protein‐based phase separation to modulate the physical and biochemical properties of blood clots is demonstrated and protein phase separation is suggested as a new mechanism for achieving hemostasis in clinical settings.
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