Fibreoptic choledochoscopy in common bile duct surgery.

  • Ben Ashby
  • Published 1978 in
    Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of…


Fibreoptic choledochoscopy permits visual examination of the interior of the bile ducts during operations for gallstones. But it does not replace operative cholangiography, and the common bile duct should not be opened simply to perform choledochoscopy. Operative choledochoscopy following conventional exploration and removal of stones ensures that the ducts… (More)


  • Presentations referencing similar topics