Fiber network survivability

@article{Flanagan1990FiberNS,
  title={Fiber network survivability},
  author={Tomas Flanagan},
  journal={IEEE Communications Magazine},
  year={1990},
  volume={28},
  pages={46-53}
}
At the transport layer in interoffice and interexchange networks, shared protection rings (SPRINGS) interconnected at matched nodes can provide 100% restoration in milliseconds after cable cuts and central office failures. The author introduces the SPRING and explains how its capacity advantage over other ring configurations enables it to be the most economical solution in more applications. Transport restoration technologies-1+1 diversity, digital crossconnect systems, and SPRINGS-in… CONTINUE READING