Fiber consumption and breast cancer incidence: A systematic review and meta‐analysis of prospective studies

  title={Fiber consumption and breast cancer incidence: A systematic review and meta‐analysis of prospective studies},
  author={Maryam S. Farvid and Nicholas D. Spence and Michelle D. Holmes and Junaidah B. Barnett},
Associations between fiber intake and breast cancer risk have been evaluated in prospective studies, but overall, the evidence is inconsistent. The authors performed a systematic review and meta‐analysis of prospective studies to investigate the relation between intake of total and types of fiber with breast cancer incidence. 

Fruit and vegetable consumption and incident breast cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies.

It is suggested that high total fruit and vegetable consumption are associated with reduced risk of overall, postmenopausal, ER+/PR+ and ER-/PR- breast cancer.

Levels of evidence for the association between different food groups/items consumption and the risk of various cancer sites: an umbrella review

There was convincing evidence for the association between fibre intake and decreased risk of colon and breast cancer and more qualified studies are needed to find reliable findings on the link between various food groups/items consumption and the risk of different cancer sites.

Associations between dietary fiber intake and mortality from all causes, cardiovascular disease and cancer: a prospective study

In this large nationally representative sample of US adult population, intakes of total fiber, soluble fiber, and insoluble fiber were associated with lower risks of all-cause, cardiovascular and cancer mortality.

A matched case–control study of bean intake and breast cancer risk in urbanized Nigerian women

Dietary intake of beans_alone may play a significant role in reducing the incidence of breast cancer, particularly of the more aggressive molecular subtype, triple-negative, in African women living in SSA.

Breast Cancer Prevention with a Plant-Based Diet

  • A. Strombom
  • Medicine
    Cancer Therapy & Oncology International Journal
  • 2020
The plant-based diet can reduce the risk of common comorbidities in post-menopausal women such as type II diabetes, coronary artery disease, arthritis, hypertension and thyroid disease and has no adverse reactions or contraindications.

Diabetes risk reduction diet and the risk of breast cancer

  • F. TuratiF. Bravi C. la Vecchia
  • Medicine
    European journal of cancer prevention : the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation
  • 2021
Higher DRRD adherence may decrease the risk of breast cancer, and inverse associations were observed in subgroups of covariates.

Comprehensive profiles and diagnostic value of menopausal-specific gut microbiota in premenopausal breast cancer

The results suggest that gut microbe profiling might offer a novel and noninvasive method for diagnosing and monitoring breast cancer and lead to new strategies for prevention and treatment, as evidence emerges of a link between gut microbes and cancer.

Targeting obesity-related dysfunction in hormonally driven cancers

As the rates of obesity and cancer increase, it is necessary to promote the development of non-pharmacological lifestyle trials for the treatment and prevention of malignancy.

Therapeutic Benefits and Dietary Restrictions of Fiber Intake: A State of the Art Review

The fiber consumption in different countries, the metabolism of fiber and the range of health benefits associated with fiber intake are presented and the influence of fiber intake on the intestinal microbiome, metabolic diseases, neurological aspects, cardiovascular diseases, autoimmune diseases and cancer prevention are discussed.



Dietary fiber intake and risk of breast cancer defined by estrogen and progesterone receptor status: the Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective Study

The findings suggest that extreme high fiber intake may be associated with decreased risk of breast cancer but the level of dietary fiber intake among Japanese population might not be sufficient to examine the association between dietary Fiber intake and breast cancer risk.

Dietary fibre intake and risk of breast cancer: A systematic review and meta-analysis of epidemiological studies

Dose-response analysis showed that every 10 g/d increment in dietary fibre intake was associated with a 4% reduction in breast cancer risk, and little evidence of publication bias was found, suggesting dietary fibre consumption is significantly associated withA reduced risk of breast cancer, particularly in postmenopausal women.

Fruits, vegetables and breast cancer risk: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies

In this meta-analysis of prospective studies, high intake of fruits, and fruits and vegetables combined, but not vegetables, is associated with a weak reduction in risk of breast cancer.

No association among total dietary fiber, fiber fractions, and risk of breast cancer.

  • P. TerryMeera G. JainA. MillerG. HoweT. Rohan
  • Biology
    Cancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention : a publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology
  • 2002
Diets high in fiber or certain fiber fractions have been hypothesized to protect against breast cancer through mechanisms that include inhibition of intestinal reabsorption of estrogen excreted via

Dietary fiber intake and risk of hormonal receptor-defined breast cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition study.

Diets rich in dietary fiber and, particularly, fiber from vegetables may be associated with a small reduction in risk of BC, independently of menopausal status.

Prospective Association between Dietary Fiber Intake and Breast Cancer Risk

This prospective study suggests that vegetable fiber intake may contribute to reduce breast cancer risk, in line with experimental mechanistic data.

Dietary fiber intake and risk of postmenopausal breast cancer defined by estrogen and progesterone receptor status—A prospective cohort study among Swedish women

Dietary fiber intake from fruit and cereal may play a role in reducing breast cancer risk and among ever‐users of postmenopausal hormone (PMH), total fiber intake and especially cereal fiber were statistically significantly associated with ∼50% reduced risk for overall and ER+PR+ tumors when comparing the highest to the lowest quartile, but no association was observed among PMH never users.

Dietary fat and postmenopausal breast cancer.

A modest positive association of total fat intake with risk of breast cancer was seen, consistent with studies suggesting that fat intake is a determinant of Breast cancer, particularly after accounting for inaccuracies in dietary assessment.

A Prospective Study of Bowel Motility and Related Factors on Breast Cancer Risk

This study adds limited support to the hypothesis that increased bowel motility lowers breast cancer risk, as measured by self-reported frequency of bowel movements, in postmenopausal women in the Vitamins and Lifestyle study.

Dietary carbohydrates, fiber, and breast cancer risk in Chinese women.

The data suggest that a high carbohydrate intake and a diet with a high glycemic load may be associated with breast cancer risk in premenopausal women or women <50 y.