Few things in life are "free": cellular uptake of steroid hormones by an active transport mechanism.

Abstract

Conventional dogma holds that steroid hormones traverse cell membranes passively, owing to their lipophilic nature. The recently characterized protein megalin, however, functions as a transport protein on cell surfaces to carry steroids across the plasma membrane. Upon hydrolysis of steroid-associated binding globulins in lysosomes, free hormone is liberated and may exert its effects in the cell. Megalin-independent mechanisms of steroid uptake are likely important too, as the phenotypes of megalin-deficient mice do not completely mimic the phenotypes of androgen receptor- or estrogen receptor-null mice.

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@article{Lin2005FewTI, title={Few things in life are "free": cellular uptake of steroid hormones by an active transport mechanism.}, author={Benjamin C. Lin and Thomas S. Scanlan}, journal={Molecular interventions}, year={2005}, volume={5 6}, pages={338-40} }