Fetal programming: prenatal testosterone excess leads to fetal growth retardation and postnatal catch-up growth in sheep.


Alterations in the maternal endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic environment disrupt the developmental trajectory of the fetus, leading to adult diseases. Female offspring of rats, subhuman primates, and sheep treated prenatally with testosterone (T) develop reproductive/metabolic defects during adult life similar to those that occur after intrauterine… (More)


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