Fetal lung development in the elephant reflects the adaptations required for snorkeling in adult life

  title={Fetal lung development in the elephant reflects the adaptations required for snorkeling in adult life},
  author={John B West and Zhenxing Fu and Ann P. Gaeth and Roger Valentine Short},
  journal={Respiratory Physiology \& Neurobiology},
  • J. West, Z. Fu, R. Short
  • Published 14 November 2003
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
Foetal age determination and development in elephants
By combining ultrasonography and morphology, this work has been able to produce the first reliable criteria for estimating gestational age and ontological development of Asian and African elephant foetuses during the first third of gestation.
Morphological evidence of marine adaptations in human kidneys.
Comparative anatomy of neonates of the three major mammalian groups (monotremes, marsupials, placentals) and implications for the ancestral mammalian neonate morphotype
The ancestral condition of a mammalian neonate is interpreted to be similar to the state of organ development found in the newborns of marsupials and monotremes, and the newbornS of altricial and precocial placentals are derived from the ancestral state to a more mature developmental degree associated with advanced organ systems.
Character evolution in the orbital region of the Afrotheria
It was found that there is a great deal of variation in the orbital region within the Afrotheria, most notably in the size of the lacrimal and its contacts with other bones, the appearance of the palatine in the orbit and the structure of the zygomatic arch.
Suction feeding by elephants
A mathematical model is used to show that an elephant’s nostril size and lung capacity enables them to grab items using comparable pressures as the human lung, and estimates that the elephants can inhale at speeds of over 150 m s−1, nearly 30 times the speed of a human sneeze.
The status of physiologists and physiology at US medical Schools.
The status of physiology in academic medical schools has been a concern of the American Physiological Society for over 50 years and concerns have been raised that physiology is being de-emphasized in the medical curriculum with potentially critical consequences for both medical students and the larger physiology teaching and research communities.
My love affair with the pleural space
  • J. Massie
  • Art
    The Medical journal of Australia
  • 2020
The pleural space is one of the most slippery mysteries of the body; a “space” that is not really there; a sort of double negative existential wonder whose meaning seems perpetually out of reach.
Was the dwarfed Palaeoloxodon from Favignana Island the last endemic Pleistocene elephant from the western Mediterranean islands?
ABSTRACT This paper re-apprises the scant elephant remains belonging to a dwarf Palaeoloxodon of uncertain taxonomy collected during the 1980s from a cave on Favignana Island (Aegadian Archipelago,


The developing renal, reproductive, and respiratory systems of the African elephant suggest an aquatic ancestry.
The palaeontological evidence suggests that the elephant's ancestors were aquatic, and recent immunological and molecular evidence shows an extremely close affinity between present-day elephants and the aquatic Sirenia (dugong and manatees).
XI.—The Anatomy of a Fœtal African Elephant, Elephas africanus (Loxodonta africana). Part III. The Contents of the Thorax and Abdomen, and the Skeleton
The acquisition of a preserved fœtal specimen of the African Elephant has enabled the writer to prepare a series of papers on the anatomy of this interesting Mammal. The present paper forms Part III