Fetal Brain Behavior and Cognitive Development

@article{Joseph2000FetalBB,
  title={Fetal Brain Behavior and Cognitive Development},
  author={R. Joseph},
  journal={Developmental Review},
  year={2000},
  volume={20},
  pages={81-98}
}
  • R. Joseph
  • Published 2000
  • Psychology
  • Developmental Review
Abstract The human brainstem is fashioned around the 6th–7th week of gestation and matures in a caudal to rostral arc, thereby forming the medulla, pons, and midbrain. The medulla mediates arousal, breathing, heart rate, and gross movements of the body and head, and medullary functions appear prior to those of the pons, which precede those of the midbrain. Hence, by the 7th–9th gestational week the fetus displays spontaneous movements, 1 week later takes its first “breath,” and by the 25th week… Expand
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  • Child psychiatry and human development
  • 1999
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If denied sufficient stimulation these nuclei may atrophy, develop seizure-like activity or maintain or form abnormal synaptic interconnections, resulting in social withdrawal, pathological shyness, explosive and inappropriate emotionality, and an inability to form normal emotional attachments. Expand
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Environmental Influences on Neural Plasticity, the Limbic System, Emotional Development and Attachment: A Review
  • R. Joseph
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • Child psychiatry and human development
  • 1999
TLDR
If denied sufficient stimulation these nuclei may atrophy, develop seizure-like activity or maintain or form abnormal synaptic interconnections, resulting in social withdrawal, pathological shyness, explosive and inappropriate emotionality, and an inability to form normal emotional attachments. Expand
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