Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders

@article{Williams2015FetalAS,
  title={Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders},
  author={JanetF Williams and V. C. Smith},
  journal={Pediatrics},
  year={2015},
  volume={136},
  pages={e1395 - e1406}
}
Prenatal exposure to alcohol can damage the developing fetus and is the leading preventable cause of birth defects and intellectual and neurodevelopmental disabilities. In 1973, fetal alcohol syndrome was first described as a specific cluster of birth defects resulting from alcohol exposure in utero. Subsequently, research unequivocally revealed that prenatal alcohol exposure causes a broad range of adverse developmental effects. Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is the general term that… Expand
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TLDR
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Summary Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) is an umbrella term relating to a set of disorders, including Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS), partial Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (pFAS), Alcohol RelatedExpand
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The new Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Health Disorders (DSM-5), has provided the opportunity to diagnose prenatal exposure to alcohol via “Other Specified Neurodevelopmental Disorder (Associated with Prenatal Alcohol Exposure)” (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). Expand
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TLDR
Health professionals are presented with information to understand and support adults with FASD and specific strategies related to initiating referrals to community services, communicating intentionally, and responding positively to behavioral challenges are discussed. Expand
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TLDR
Diagnosis remains challenging because of the poor reliability of self-reported maternal drinking histories, an absence of sensitive biomarkers, and the infrequency of diagnostic dysmorphic facial features among individuals with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder. Expand
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TLDR
There is no specific or highly effective treatment, but early intervention can improve a child's development, and treatment of FASD requires close monitoring and adaptations to the treatment plan. Expand
Implications of Higher Than Expected Prevalence of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders.
TLDR
The finding of May and colleagues4 that fetal alcohol spectrum disorders is not a rare condition among the general US population has substantial implications for clinicians and researchers, including that many cases are either missed or misdiagnosed. Expand
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: What Pediatric Providers Need to Know.
  • Angela J Nash, L. Davies
  • Medicine
  • Journal of pediatric health care : official publication of National Association of Pediatric Nurse Associates & Practitioners
  • 2017
TLDR
The purposes of this continuing education activity are to report what is known about the prevalence of FASDs; to detail the spectrum of problems experienced by affected individuals; and to suggest specific strategies for preventing, identifying, and managing FASD in clinical practice. Expand
Updated Clinical Guidelines for Diagnosing Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
The adverse effects of prenatal alcohol exposure constitute a continuum of disabilities (fetal alcohol spectrum disorders [FASD]). In 1996, the Institute of Medicine established diagnostic categoriesExpand
Language Development Disorder in Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD), a Case Study
Prenatal alcohol exposure can cause developmental damage in children. There are different types and ranges of alterations that fall under the name of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD).Expand
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