Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders—Implications for Child Neurology, Part 2: Diagnosis and Management

@article{Paintner2012FetalAS,
  title={Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders—Implications for Child Neurology, Part 2: Diagnosis and Management},
  author={Ashley Paintner and Andrew D. Williams and Larry Burd},
  journal={Journal of Child Neurology},
  year={2012},
  volume={27},
  pages={355 - 362}
}
In part 1, we discussed the mechanism of alcohol exposure, dosimetry, and the teratogenic pathways of damage to the fetus. In part 2, we review the diagnosis of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders and the developmental implications of prenatal alcohol exposure. Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders are associated with increased rates of mental retardation, seizure disorders, brain malformations, and premature mortality. The risk of comorbid disorders is increased among this population, which enhances… Expand
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TLDR
There is no specific or highly effective treatment, but early intervention can improve a child's development, and treatment of FASD requires close monitoring and adaptations to the treatment plan. Expand
Implications of Higher Than Expected Prevalence of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders.
TLDR
The finding of May and colleagues4 that fetal alcohol spectrum disorders is not a rare condition among the general US population has substantial implications for clinicians and researchers, including that many cases are either missed or misdiagnosed. Expand
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Some of the ways that NIAAA has contributed to the understanding of FASD are examined, including the challenges that the authors still face, and how this research is translated into changes in public policy. Expand
Prevalence of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders in Child Care Settings: A Meta-analysis
TLDR
The results confirm that children and youth housed in or under the guardianship of the wide range of child-care systems constitute a population that is high-risk for FASD and it is imperative that screening be implemented in these at-risk populations. Expand
Prenatal alcohol exposure: An assessment strategy for the legal context.
TLDR
Screening for prenatal alcohol exposure by legal teams remains relatively rare with strategies that may be used singly or in combination to produce information that can establish PAE and provide a foundation for diagnostic assessment by medical and mental health experts. Expand
Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) diagnostic guidelines: a neuropsychological diagnostic criteria review proposal
TLDR
Most patients with FASD exhibit only a subset of the characteristics of FAS, mainly cognitive and behavioural deficits, and can be broadly divided into Morphological malformations, especially craniofacial defects, growth retardation, and Central nervous system impairment. Expand
Exploring the Existence of a Unique Neurodevelopmental Profile of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder
TLDR
The objective of the current thesis project was to determine to what extent neurodevelopmental disorders with prominent externalizing behaviors co-occur among children with FASD and determine if children withFASD exhibit a unique and discernible neurology profile. Expand
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: Prevention, identification, and intervention.
TLDR
Methods for identifying and assisting women who consume alcohol prenatally and referring infants and children with FASD for intervention are discussed. Expand
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