Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders— Implications for Child Neurology, Part 1: Prenatal Exposure and Dosimetry

@article{Paintner2012FetalAS,
  title={Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders— Implications for Child Neurology, Part 1: Prenatal Exposure and Dosimetry},
  author={Ashley Paintner and Andrew D. Williams and Larry Burd},
  journal={Journal of Child Neurology},
  year={2012},
  volume={27},
  pages={258 - 263}
}
In the United States, approximately 80 000 women consume ethanol through all 3 trimesters of pregnancy each year. In this article, we review prevalence rates of prenatal alcohol exposure in the United States and discuss the mechanisms of prenatal alcohol exposure and placental-umbilical effects. Cigarette smoking and delayed prenatal care are often associated with prenatal alcohol exposure. In addition, increased risk for postnatal adversity is common, including maternal depression, foster care… Expand
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