Festive medical myths

@article{Vreeman2008FestiveMM,
  title={Festive medical myths},
  author={Rachel Christine Vreeman and Aaron E. Carroll},
  journal={BMJ : British Medical Journal},
  year={2008},
  volume={337}
}
More medical myths hit the dust, thanks to Rachel C Vreeman and Aaron E Carroll 
Combating myths is harder than you think.
TLDR
A study published in this issue of Medical Care shows just how hard it can be to combat misinformation and how swayed those who were predisposed to view Governor Palin unfavorably were by the corrective article to reduce their belief in death panels and their opposition to the ACA.
The Ethics of Teaching Physicians Electronic Fetal Monitoring: And Now for the Rest of the Story
TLDR
The need for improved graduate medical education is addressed so that physicians and medical residents are taught both sides of the EFM–CP story.
Continuous Electronic Fetal Monitoring during Labor: A Critique and a Reply to Contemporary Proponents
TLDR
This article provides an evidence-based review penetrating the rhetorical fog of a prototypical EFM advocate and concludes that EFM use in most labors or courtrooms is safe and effective.
Effects of Sugar Consumption on Human Behavior and Performance
It is a myth, disconfirmed by numerous studies, that sugar consumption causes hyperactivity or other behavior problems in children or adults. This myth may be maintained by confirmation bias and
The validity and clinical utility of night eating syndrome.
TLDR
There are limited data supporting the clinical utility and validity of NES, and several options regarding the inclusion of NES in DSM-V are discussed.
Web-based hypothermia information and internet resources
  • Biology
  • 2015
IntroductIon Hypothermia is a drop in core body temperature below 35°C caused by exposure to cold air, immersion in cold water, or from thermoregulation inefficiencies attributable to senescence or
Web-based hypothermia information: a critical assessment of Internet resources and a comparison to peer-reviewed literature
TLDR
Several suggestions for improving web-based hypothermia resources include clearly listing sources for users to see and eliminating guidance with lower SORT grades and replacing with evidence-based information.
Springtime Peaks and Christmas Troughs: A National Longitudinal Population-Based Study into Suicide Incidence Time Trends in the Netherlands
TLDR
Evidence was found for time trends in suicide incidence in the Netherlands and it is recommended to plan (mental) health care services to be available especially at high-risk moments, at spring time, and in the beginning of January.
Fire-Free Hominin Strategies for Coping with Cool Winter Temperatures in North-Western Europe from Before 800,000 to Circa 400,000 Years Ago
There is no consensus on the chronology of fire use, with suggestions ranging from earliest use by Homo erectus 1.8 mya to relatively recent Anatomically Modern Humans. While it is widely agreed that
Alters- und geschlechtsdifferenzierte Objektivierung von Belastung und Beanspruchung bei berufsbedingten Kälteexpositionen unter Berücksichtigung eines variablen Arbeitszeit-Pausenzeit-Regimes
TLDR
Das Arbeiten im Tiefkuhllager bei -24°C bewirkte deutlich hohere Beanspruchungs-reaktionen ohne deutliche alters- oder geschlechtsspezifische Unterschiede, was allerdings nach der 30-minutigen Aufwarmpause meist sichergestellt.
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References

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Medical myths
Sometimes even doctors are duped, say Rachel C Vreeman and Aaron E Carroll
Christmas and psychopathology. Data from a psychiatric emergency room population.
TLDR
There is a decrease in the number of visits during the days and weeks before Christmas and an increase of roughly the same magnitude afterward, which is more prominent for women and older persons but does not seem to differentially affect persons of different racial, marital, or diagnostic status.
Rates of Homicide and Suicide on Major National Holidays
Rates of U.S. homicides and suicides during 1972–1979 were higher on 7 major national holidays except one for homicides and were lower for suicides, except New Year's Day as Lester noted for
Sugar and the hyperactive child.
Although scientific opinion favors a genetic origin for most cases of attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder, this explanation does not necessarily exclude alternative causes or precipitating
Suicidal and homicidal deaths: a comparative and circumstantial approach.
Poinsettia exposures have good outcomes...just as we thought.
Adolescent suicide and suicide attempts: A population study
TLDR
There was an association between suicide attempt dates and occurrence of holidays, and there was a peak in attempts at the end of the school year, which was prevented by poor recording of relevant factors in the medical record.
Hyperactivity: is candy causal?
TLDR
Twelve double-blind, placebo-controlled studies of sugar challenges failed to provide any evidence that sugar ingestion leads to untoward behavior in children with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder or in normal children.
Timing of completed suicides among residents of Olmsted County, Minnesota, 1951–1985
TLDR
While most prior reports found excess post‐holiday suicides and suicide peaks on Mondays, those findings were not observed in Olmsted County and using date of death instead of the actual date of suicide is sufficient for most research purposes.
Time patterns of attempted suicide.
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