Fertility and the Easterlin hypothesis: An assessment of the literature

  title={Fertility and the Easterlin hypothesis: An assessment of the literature},
  author={Diane J. Macunovich},
  journal={Journal of Population Economics},
  • D. Macunovich
  • Published 27 February 1998
  • Economics, Medicine
  • Journal of Population Economics
Abstract. Focusing just on the fertility aspects of the Easterlin hypothesis, this paper offers a critical assessment – rather than just a selective citation – of the extensive fertility literature generated by Easterlin, and a complete inventory of data and methodologies in seventy-six published analyses. With an equal number of micro- and macro-level analyses using North American data (twenty-two), the „track record” of the hypothesis is the same in both venues, with fifteen providing… Expand
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The paper re-evaluates the Easterlin hypothesis in a multiregional context by conceptually and methodologically accounting for two processes of spatial interdependence in an open subnationalExpand
The Easterlin hypothesis in the recent experience of higher-income OECD countries: A panel-data approach
Abstract.The Easterlin hypothesis emphasizes the effect of relative cohort size on fertility. Models based on the Easterlin hypothesis have performed well in explaining time series fertility data,Expand
Easterlin revisited: Relative income and the baby boom
This paper reexamines the first viable and a still leading explanation for mid-twentieth century baby booms: Richard Easterlin's relative income hypothesis. He suggested that when incomes are higherExpand
Re-Visiting the Easterlin Hypothesis: U.S. Fertility 1968-2010
This study tests the effect of relative income – younger people's earning potential relative to their aspirations, as approximated by older families' income – on two measures of fertility: theExpand
Becker vs. Easterlin. Education, Fertility and Growth in France after World War II
This article is aimed firstly at providing an empirical test of the causality link between fertility and education in France after World War II and subsequently at determining whether the underlyingExpand
The Impact of Relative Cohort Size on U.S. Fertility, 1913-2001
This paper tests for the long-term and short-term relationships between fertility and relative cohort size for the United States using the annual time series data between 1913 and 2001. An errorExpand
Fertility and Growth in France after World War II
This article is aimed firstly at providing an empirical test of the causality link between fertility and education in France after World War II and subsequently at determining whether the underlyingExpand


Forecasting births in Greater London: An application of the easterlin hypothesis.
A model for forecasting fertility is proposed in which an attempt is made to represent the cyclical fluctuations in fertility typical of developed societies, and a periodic component which expresses fertility variations as a direct function of time is included in this model. Expand
A Note on the Easterlin Model of Fertility in Northwestern Europe and the United States: 1950-1981
This paper tests a multivariate time series model of West European fertility change based on Easterlin’s social and economic analysis of post-1945 fertility trends in the United States. ResultsExpand
Empirical tests of the Chicago model and the Easterlin hypothesis: a case study of Japan.
An attempt is made to test the relevance of the Chicago model and the Easterlin hypothesis in explaning the fertility movement in postwar Japan and to find a clue for forecasting the future trend of fertility. Expand
Demographic Forecasting and the Easterlin Hypothesis
A model for forecasting fertility fluctuations in a population that is highly urbanized has low mortality and contracepts effectively is described. Based on the research of Easterlin which questionsExpand
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The introduction by Richard Easterlin and others of taste as a significant variable in the relationship between economic factors and fertility has offered a plausible resolution to the seemingExpand
A reconsideration of Easterlin cycles.
Abstract In the aftermath of World War II the United States found itself in a position of unexpected economic strength and confronting a resurgence in births quite beyond what demographers had comeExpand
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Richard Easterlin believes that the postwar fertility cycle is uniquely consistent with the hypothesis of his relative income model of fertility, yet a closer examination of his evidence shows thatExpand
The Easterlin hypothesis and European fertility rates.
Richard Easterlin has argued that fertility should fluctuate cyclically depending on the relative economic status of young adults. Evidence in support of this hypothesis has been derived primarilyExpand
The Emergence of Countercyclical U.S. Fertility
At this time both professional and nonprofessional opinion concerning the cause of the present fertility decline in the U.S. has moved steadily away from the simple mechanism tying economicExpand
The Easterlin Hypothesis: Another Aspect of the Echo to Consider
The basis of the Easterlin concept of relative economic status which is 1 of the most provocative aspects of his theory regardig long-term swings in economic growth and fertility is his belief thatExpand