Ferroplasma acidiphilum gen. nov., sp. nov., an acidophilic, autotrophic, ferrous-iron-oxidizing, cell-wall-lacking, mesophilic member of the Ferroplasmaceae fam. nov., comprising a distinct lineage of the Archaea.

@article{Golyshina2000FerroplasmaAG,
  title={Ferroplasma acidiphilum gen. nov., sp. nov., an acidophilic, autotrophic, ferrous-iron-oxidizing, cell-wall-lacking, mesophilic member of the Ferroplasmaceae fam. nov., comprising a distinct lineage of the Archaea.},
  author={Olga V. Golyshina and T. A. Pivovarova and G. I. Karavaiko and Tatyana Kondrat{\`e}va and Edward R. B. Moore and Wolf-Rainer Abraham and Heinrich Lünsdorf and Kenneth N. Timmis and Michail M. Yakimov and Peter N. Golyshin},
  journal={International journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology},
  year={2000},
  volume={50 Pt 3},
  pages={
          997-1006
        }
}
An isolate of an acidophilic archaeon, strain YT, was obtained from a bioleaching pilot plant. The organism oxidizes ferrous iron as the sole energy source and fixes inorganic carbon as the sole carbon source. The optimal pH for growth is 1.7, although growth is observed in the range pH 1.3 to 2.2. The cells are pleomorphic and without a cell wall. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed this strain to cluster phylogenetically within the order 'Thermoplasmales' sensu Woese, although with only 89… 

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