Ferrofluids and magnetically guided superparamagnetic particles in flows: a review of simulations and modeling

  title={Ferrofluids and magnetically guided superparamagnetic particles in flows: a review of simulations and modeling},
  author={Shahriar Afkhami and Yuriko Renardy},
  journal={Journal of Engineering Mathematics},
Ferrofluids are typically suspensions of magnetite nanoparticles, and behave as a homogeneous continuum. The ability of the ferrofluid to respond to an external magnetic field in a controllable manner has made it emerge as a smart material in a variety of applications, such as seals, lubricants, electronics cooling, shock absorbers and adaptive optics. Magnetic nanoparticle suspensions have also gained attraction recently in a range of biomedical applications, such as cell separation… 

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