Ferroelectric Polymers

  title={Ferroelectric Polymers},
  author={Andrew J. Lovinger},
  pages={1115 - 1121}
  • A. J. Lovinger
  • Published 10 June 1983
  • Materials Science, Chemistry
  • Science
Piezoelectricity and pyroelectricity, traditionally encountered in certain single crystals and ceramics, have now also been documented in a number of polymers. Recently, one such polymer—poly(vinylidene fluoride)—and some of its copolymers have been shown to be ferroelectric as well. The extraordinary molecular and supermolecular structural requirements for ferroelectric behavior in polymers are discussed in detail, with particular emphasis on poly(vinylidene fluoride). Piezoelectric… 
Ferroelectric Nanocrystals from Copolymer P(VDF-TrFE), Their Switching and Properties
Ferroelectric polymers show interesting peculiarities in spite of some constraints, which limit the number of possible materials. These constraints are compact crystal structure, conformational
Characterization of Thin Ferroelectric Polymer Films by Optical Methods
Ferroelectric polymers are a group of crystalline polar polymers that possess permanent electric polarization that can be controlled by an external electric field. Ferroelectric polymers such as
Dynamics in relaxor ferroelectric polymers
  • S.H. Zhang, C. Huang, F. Bauer
  • Physics
    14th IEEE International Symposium on Applications of Ferroelectrics, 2004. ISAF-04. 2004
  • 2004
Normal ferroelectric poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene) [P(VDF-TrFE)] copolymer have been converted into relaxor ferroelectrics by introducing appropriate amount of defects into the original
Piezoelectric Polymers
The purpose of this review is to detail the current theoretical understanding of the origin of piezoelectric and ferroelectric phenomena in polymers; to present the state-of-the-art in piezoelectric
A literature review of the research on ferroelectric polymers
In this work, the research and development of ferroelectric polymers has been reviewed. The main focus is on properties of different types of ferroelectric polymers. Ferroelectrics of ceramic and
Morphology and Ferroelectric Properties of Semiconducting/Ferroelectric Polymer Bilayers
Bilayers of the ferroelectric polymer poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene), P(VDF-TrFE) on semiconducting poly(3-hexyl thiophene) substrates have been prepared by sequential spin-coating.
Ferroelectric Polymers Exhibiting Negative Longitudinal Piezoelectric Coefficient: Progress and Prospects
It is concluded that negative longitudinal piezoelectric coefficients arise from the negative longitudinal electrostriction in the crystalline domain of the polymers, independent of amorphous and crystalline‐amorphous interfacial regions.
PVDF-based dielectric polymers and their applications in electronic materials
The attractive dielectric poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) and its copolymers are well confirmed possessing the highest electroactive response including dielectric constant, piezoelectric and
Ferroelectric behavior in vinylidene chloride copolymers
Abstract Ferroelectric behavior was observed in the crystalline copolymers of vinylidene chloride (VDC) with vinylchloride (VC) and with methylacrylate (MA). A D-E hysteresis loop for P(VDC/VC)
Structure Change of Poly(Vinylidene Fluoride-Trifluoroethylene) Ferroelectric Thin Films on Different Electrodes
In this work we studied 65nm-thick poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene) ferroelectric polymers P(VDF-TrFE) films grown by Langmuir-Blodgett (LB) onto silicon substrates. The effects of two


Keith for many helpful discussions and for a critical review of the manuscript, and to E
  • Fukada and T. R. Meeker for permission to use their published figures
  • 1983
Lovinger, in Developments in Crystalline Polymers
  • Science, London, 1982),
  • 1982
Keith for many helpful discussions and for a critical review of the manuscript, and to E. Fukada and T. R. Meeker for permission to use their published figures
and F
  • J. Padden, Jr., J. Appl. Phys. 35,
  • 13, 1178 (1980); Y. Takahashi and H. Tadokoro, ibid., p.