Ferrocene and porphyrin monolayers on Si(100) surfaces: preparation and effect of linker length on electron transfer.

Abstract

The missing link: Ferrocene and porphyrin monolayers are tethered on silicon surfaces with short (see picture, left) or long (right) linkers. Electron transfer to the silicon substrate is faster for monolayers with a short linker.Ferrocene and porphyrin derivatives are anchored on Si(100) surfaces through either a short two-carbon or a long 11-carbon linker. The two tether lengths are obtained by using two different grafting procedures: a single-step hydrosilylation is used for the short linker, whereas for the long linker a multistep process involving a 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition is conducted, which affords ferrocene-triazole-(CH(2))(11)-Si or Zn(porphyrin)-triazole-(CH(2))(11)-Si links to the surface. The modified surfaces are characterized by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Cyclic voltammetry experiments show that the redox activity of the tethered ferrocene or porphyrin is maintained for both linker types. Microelectrode capacitor devices incorporating these modified Si(100) surfaces are designed, and their capacitance-voltage (C-V) and conductance-voltage (G-V) profiles are investigated. Capacitance and conductance peaks are observed, which indicates efficient charge transfer between the redox-active monolayers and the electrode surface. Slower electron transfer between the ferrocene or porphyrin monolayer and the electrode surface is observed for the longer linker, which suggests that by adjusting the linker length, the electrical properties of the device, such as charging and discharging kinetics and retention time, could be tuned.

DOI: 10.1002/cphc.200800818

Cite this paper

@article{Huang2009FerroceneAP, title={Ferrocene and porphyrin monolayers on Si(100) surfaces: preparation and effect of linker length on electron transfer.}, author={K. Z. Huang and Florence M A Duclairoir and Tiziana Pro and J. Buckley and Gilles Marchand and Eug{\'e}nie Martinez and J C Marchon and Barbara de Salvo and Guillaume Delapierre and F. Vinet}, journal={Chemphyschem : a European journal of chemical physics and physical chemistry}, year={2009}, volume={10 6}, pages={963-71} }