• Corpus ID: 119431672

Fermionic current carrying cosmic strings: Zero temperature limit and equation of state.

@inproceedings{Peter2000FermionicCC,
  title={Fermionic current carrying cosmic strings: Zero temperature limit and equation of state.},
  author={Patrick Peter and Christophe Ringeval},
  year={2000}
}
The equation of state for a superconducting cosmic string whose current is due to fermionic zero modes is derived analytically in the case where the back-reaction of the fermions to the background is neglected. It is first shown that the zero mode fermions follow a zero temperature distribution because of their interactions (or lack thereof) with the string-forming Higgs and gauge fields. It is then found that the energy per unit length U and the tension T are related to the background string… 
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Cosmic Strings and Other Topological Defects
Preface 1. Introduction 2. Phase transitions in the early universe 3. Topological defects 4. String field theory 5. Superconducting strings 6. String dynamics 7. String gravity 8. String interactions
String theory.
TLDR
The current “standard model” of particle physics—which is nearly 25 years old, has much experimental evidence in its favor and is comprised of six quarks, six leptons, four forces, and the as yet unobserved Higgs boson—contains internal indications that it, too, may be just another step along the path toward uncovering the truly fundamental degrees of freedom.