AIM Fermented milk product containing edible mushroom water extracts (mushroom yogurt; MY) has been reported to have glycaemic control and triglyceride-lowering effects in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats and Zucker diabetic fatty (ZDF) rats. Here, we investigated how MY-supplemented dietary fibre (10 and 20%, v/w) influences the onset of obesity and hypertriglyceridaemia in Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima fatty (OLETF) rats. METHODS The OLETF rats were fed a powdered chow diet supplemented with MY at the levels of 10 (v/w) and 20% for 6 weeks from 10 weeks of age, but the OLETF control rats were not supplemented. Their weight, fat distribution and lipid profile have been determined. RESULTS The body weights in MY-fed rats were reduced compared with the control rats. The perirenal fat was decreased in both MY groups, but the visceral and epididymal fats reduced only in the MY 20% group. The concentrations of serum triglyceride and non-esterified fatty acid in MY-fed rats were decreased in a dose-dependent manner. However, the levels of other serum lipid profiles [total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol] were comparable among all rats. CONCLUSION Anti-obesity and triglyceride lowering by MY-supplemented dietary fibre in OLETF rats might have resulted from the synergistic effect of components in the fermented mushroom-milk product.