Fentanyl-Induced Block of hERG Channels Is Exacerbated by Hypoxia, Hypokalemia, Alkalosis, and the Presence of hERG1b

@article{Tschirhart2020FentanylInducedBO,
  title={Fentanyl-Induced Block of hERG Channels Is Exacerbated by Hypoxia, Hypokalemia, Alkalosis, and the Presence of hERG1b},
  author={Jared Tschirhart and Shetuan Zhang},
  journal={Molecular Pharmacology},
  year={2020},
  volume={98},
  pages={508 - 517}
}
Human ether-a-go-go–related gene (hERG) encodes the pore-forming subunit of the rapidly activating delayed rectifier potassium current (IKr) important for repolarization of cardiac action potentials. Drug-induced disruption of hERG channel function is a main cause of acquired long QT syndrome, which can lead to ventricular arrhythmias and sudden death. Illicit fentanyl use is associated with sudden death. We have demonstrated that fentanyl blocks hERG current (IhERG) at concentrations that… 
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TLDR
Although mechanisms of fentanyl-related sudden death need further investigation, blockade of hERG channels may contribute to the death of individuals with high-concentration overdose or compromised cardiac repolarization.
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TLDR
The data presented demonstrate that, unlike in other voltage-gated potassium (Kv) channels, substitution of individual histidine residues did not abolish the pH dependence of hERG channel conductance, and strongly suggest that extracellular protons inhibit hERG maximal conductance by blocking the external channel pore.
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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