Femoral vein delivery of contrast medium enhances transthoracic echocardiographic detection of patent foramen ovale.

@article{Gin1993FemoralVD,
  title={Femoral vein delivery of contrast medium enhances transthoracic echocardiographic detection of patent foramen ovale.},
  author={Kenneth G. Gin and Victor F. Huckell and Charles Pollick},
  journal={Journal of the American College of Cardiology},
  year={1993},
  volume={22 7},
  pages={
          1994-2000
        }
}
OBJECTIVES We postulated that femoral vein delivery of contrast medium because of streaming, might enhance precordial echocardiographic detection of patent foramen ovale. BACKGROUND Although precordial contrast echocardiography is widely used to diagnose patent foramen ovale, this method is limited by poor sensitivity. Previous investigators have demonstrated enhanced detection of atrial defects by the dye-dilution technique after delivery of contrast medium into the inferior rather than the… CONTINUE READING
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