Feminizing genitoplasty for treatment of XX male with masculine genitalia.

@article{Kurita2006FeminizingGF,
  title={Feminizing genitoplasty for treatment of XX male with masculine genitalia.},
  author={Masakazu Kurita and Emiko Aiba and Daisuke Matsumoto and Katsujiro Sato and Takashi Nagase and Kotaro Yoshimura},
  journal={Plastic and reconstructive surgery},
  year={2006},
  volume={117 6},
  pages={
          107e-111e
        }
}
XX male is a kind of sexual differentiation disorder that affects one out of every 20,000 to 25,000 male births. The patients have male phenotypes with female chromosomes, the karyotype 46XX. More than 150 XX males have been reported in the medical literature since Albert de la Chapelle first report 
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46, XX Man with SRY Gene Translocation: Cytogenetic Characteristics, Clinical Features and Management
  • A. Rizvi
  • Medicine
    The American journal of the medical sciences
  • 2008
TLDR
A well-masculinized 33-year-old man with infertility and primary hypogonadism in whom chromosomal evaluation revealed a 46, XX karyotype is described to raise awareness of this entity among clinicians and to emphasize the importance of appropriate laboratory testing when indicated.
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Bilateral pudendal thigh flaps were used for secondary reconstruction, and gave satisfactory results with no signs of recurrence or severe scarring at the donor site.

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TLDR
The case of a 25-year-old man who presented for evaluation of infertility is described, and physical examination revealed testicular atrophy without gynecomastia, and serum hormonal levels suggested a state of a hypergonadotropic hypogonadism.
Feminizing Genitoplasty in Patients with 46XX Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia
TLDR
It is believed that infants with 46XX CAH can undergo one-stage feminizing genitoplasty very early in life with satisfactory cosmetic and functional results.
The etiology of maleness in XX men
TLDR
Many of the data are consistent with the hypothesis that XX males arise through interchange of the testic-determining gene on the Y chromosome and a portion of the X chromosome containing the Xg gene, but actual evidence in favor of this hypothesis is still lacking, and the H-Y antigen data are not easy to explain.
46,XX MALE: CLINICAL, HORMONAL/GENETIC FINDINGS
TLDR
Testing new chromosomal markers should be of great value in the definition of clinical difference in infertile patients with no abnormalities in sex definition in whom variants in their phenotype, like small penis, hypospadias, cryptorchidism, flat scrotum, and in some of them small testis are noted.
XX male: a rare cause of short stature, infertility, gynaecomastia and carcinoma of the breast.
TLDR
This particular case illustrates the need for all cases of male breast cancer to undergo full endocrinological assessment, especially in the presence of genital anomaly or infertility, as well as the first documented case of carcinoma of the breast in an SRY positive XX male.
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TLDR
A review of the available data may serve to throw some light on a number of problems pertaining to males with the karyotype 46,XX, and it is hoped that by summarizing the present knowledge it will be easier to define more sharply the tasks of future research in the field.
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TLDR
Findings in the development of the personality and the illness in this patient support the theory that XX males are genetically similar to XXY males.
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de la Chapelle dysplasia, also known as atelosteogenesis type II, is a lethal form of neonatal dwarfism in which gross limb shortening is associated with a characteristic triangular configuration of
Formation of neoclitoris from glans penis by reduction glansplasty with preservation of neurovascular bundle in male-to-female gender surgery: functional and cosmetic outcome.
PURPOSE During male-to-female gender reassignment surgery we used an abdominal pedicled inverted penile skin technique to create a vagina and extra folds of skin to create a clitoral hood. Although
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TLDR
This is the first report of the 46, XX male with schizophrenia‐like psychosis, a formal thought disorder that included delusions, auditory hallucinations and poor reality testing.
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