Females do not Express Learned Helplessness like Males do

  title={Females do not Express Learned Helplessness like Males do},
  author={Christina Dalla and Carol Edgecomb and Abigail S Whetstone and Tracey J. Shors},
Women are more likely than men to suffer from stress-related mental disorders, such as depression. In the present experiments, we identified sex differences in one of the most common animal models of depression, that of learned helplessness. Male and female rats were trained to escape a mild footshock each day for 7 days (controllable stress). Each rat was yoked to another rat that could not escape (uncontrollable stress), but was exposed to the same amount of shock. One day later, all stressed… CONTINUE READING
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Stress and sex effects on associative learning: for better or for worse

  • TJ Shors
  • Neuroscientist 4: 353–364.
  • 1998
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