# Female teachers’ math anxiety affects girls’ math achievement

@article{Beilock2010FemaleTM, title={Female teachers’ math anxiety affects girls’ math achievement}, author={S. Beilock and Elizabeth A Gunderson and Gerardo Ramirez and S. Levine}, journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America}, year={2010}, volume={107}, pages={1860 - 1863} }

People’s fear and anxiety about doing math—over and above actual math ability—can be an impediment to their math achievement. We show that when the math-anxious individuals are female elementary school teachers, their math anxiety carries negative consequences for the math achievement of their female students. Early elementary school teachers in the United States are almost exclusively female (>90%), and we provide evidence that these female teachers’ anxieties relate to girls’ math achievement… Expand

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#### 732 Citations

Teacher Math Anxiety Relates to Adolescent Students’ Math Achievement

- Medicine
- AERA open
- 2018

It is argued that math anxious teachers and their use of particular teaching strategies have the potential to shape students’ math achievement and their perceptions of what their teacher believes about math. Expand

Intergenerational Effects of Parents’ Math Anxiety on Children’s Math Achievement and Anxiety

- Psychology, Medicine
- Psychological science
- 2015

It is found that when parents are more math anxious, their children learn significantly less math over the school year and have more math anxiety by the schoolyear’s end—but only if math-anxious parents report providing frequent help with math homework. Expand

When does math anxiety in parents and teachers predict math anxiety and math achievement in elementary school children? The role of gender and grade year

- Psychology
- 2020

The study investigated the relationship between math anxiety in parents and teachers and math anxiety and math achievement in first- to third-grade children. The results indicate that math anxiety in… Expand

Elementary School Teachers' Math Anxiety and Students' Math Learning: A Large-Scale Replication.

- Medicine
- Developmental science
- 2020

Using a large and diverse sample of first-grade students, a large-scale replication of a previous study found that girls in classes with highly math anxious teachers learned less math during the school year, as compared to girls whose math teachers were less anxious about math. Expand

Pre-service elementary teachers' achievement goals and their relationship to math anxiety

- Psychology
- 2017

Abstract Math anxiety remains a critical issue affecting student performance and confidence across grade levels, including pre-service elementary teacher education. Given the potential impact… Expand

Math Anxiety, Math Achievement and Math Motivation in High School Students: Gender Effects

- 2020

According to the results of previous research, math anxiety is an important determinant of lower math achievement among high school students. Although math anxiety affects both genders, some findings… Expand

Reply to Plante et al.: Girls’ math achievement is related to their female teachers’ math anxiety

- Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
- 2010

Plante et al. (1) in “Girls’ internalization of their female teacher’s anxiety: A ‘real-world’ stereotype threat effect?” raise an excellent point that, overall, girls’ and boys’ math achievement did… Expand

Disassociating the Relation Between Parents’ Math Anxiety and Children’s Math Achievement: Long-Term Effects of a Math App Intervention

- Psychology, Medicine
- Journal of experimental psychology. General
- 2018

It is shown that children of higher-math–anxious parents learn less math during 1st–3rd grades, but this is not the case when families are given a math app (even after app use markedly decreases), and suggests that changes in parents’ expectations for their children’s potential for success in math, and the value they place on this success, play a role in these sustained effects. Expand

Do girls pay an unequal price? Black and Latina girls' math attitudes, math anxiety, and mathematics achievement

- Psychology
- 2021

Abstract This study examined the longitudinal relation between math attitudes and math anxiety in first grade (Mage = 6 years, 10 months) and mathematics achievement in fourth grade (Mage = 9 years,… Expand

Gender, general anxiety, math anxiety and math achievement in early school-age children

- 2020

Math anxiety is considered a predictor of mathematical achievement, but little is known about its characteristics in young children. In a longitudinal study of first to second grade children, the… Expand

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