Female sticklebacks use male coloration in mate choice and hence avoid parasitized males

@article{Milinski1990FemaleSU,
  title={Female sticklebacks use male coloration in mate choice and hence avoid parasitized males},
  author={M. Milinski and T. Bakker},
  journal={Nature},
  year={1990},
  volume={344},
  pages={330-333}
}
AN important problem in evolutionary biology since the time of Darwin has been to understand why females preferentially mate with males handicapped by secondary sexual ornaments1–3. One hypothesis of sexual selection theory is that these ornaments reliably reveal the male's condition4–6, which can be affected for example by parasites4,7–13. Here we show that in the three-spined stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus) the intensity of male red breeding coloration positively correlates with physical… Expand
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