Female patients and practitioners in medieval Islam

@article{Pormann2009FemalePA,
  title={Female patients and practitioners in medieval Islam},
  author={P. Pormann},
  journal={The Lancet},
  year={2009},
  volume={373},
  pages={1598-1599}
}
A woman “who spoke confusedly”, laughed excessively, and “was red in her face” came to see the famous clinician al-Rāzī (died c 925), a hospital director both in his native Rayy (near modern Teheran) and Baghdad. He diagnosed her as suffering from melancholy (mālinkhūliyā), a disease akin to madness (junūn) and caused by an excess of black bile. He ordered his female patient to have her blood let at the median cubital vein, and to take a decoction of epithyme. The outcome of the treatment is… Expand
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