Female genital mutilation and obstetric outcome: WHO collaborative prospective study in six African countries

@article{Banks2006FemaleGM,
  title={Female genital mutilation and obstetric outcome: WHO collaborative prospective study in six African countries},
  author={Emily Banks and Olav Meirik and T. Farley and Oluwole Akande and Heli Bathija and Mohamed K Ali},
  journal={The Lancet},
  year={2006},
  volume={367},
  pages={1835-1841}
}
BACKGROUND Reliable evidence about the effect of female genital mutilation (FGM) on obstetric outcome is scarce. This study examines the effect of different types of FGM on obstetric outcome. METHODS 28 393 women attending for singleton delivery between November, 2001, and March, 2003, at 28 obstetric centres in Burkina Faso, Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, Senegal, and Sudan were examined before delivery to ascertain whether or not they had undergone FGM, and were classified according to the WHO… Expand
Are obstetric outcomes affected by female genital mutilation?
TLDR
In this retrospective case–control study of consecutive pregnant women with FGM, FGM was not associated with an increased incidence of adverse obstetric and foetal morbidity or mortality. Expand
The impact of female genital mutilation/cutting on obstetric outcomes and its management.
  • Y. K. Akpak, I. Yilmaz
  • Medicine
  • The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine : the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians
  • 2020
TLDR
It was seen that in the FGM/C group more emergency C-sections occurred, the second stage of the delivery was prolonged significantly, and episiotomy and periclitoral injuries were higher, and postpartum blood loss and hospitalization of the mother lasted longer in the B group. Expand
Prevalence and adverse obstetric outcomes of female genital mutilation among women in rural Northern Ghana.
TLDR
Despite significant decline in prevalence of FGM, adverse obstetric outcomes are still high among affected women and increased public health education of circumcised women on these outcomes would help improve institutional deliveries and heighten awareness and prompt clinical decisions among healthcare workers. Expand
Obstetric outcomes for women with female genital mutilation at an Australian hospital, 2006–2012: a descriptive study
TLDR
Women with FGM had similar obstetric outcomes to women without FGM in an Australian metropolitan hospital with expertise in FGM management, except for statistically significant higher risk of first and second degree perineal tears, and caesarean section. Expand
Obstetric Complications Due to Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) at N'Djamena Mother and Child Hospital (Chad)
TLDR
Female genital mutilation is a common cultural practice in this country; it contributes to worsening maternal and fetal complications. Expand
Management of type III female genital mutilation in Birmingham, UK: a retrospective audit.
OBJECTIVES to audit clinical management of women with type III female genital mutilation (FGM) according to local guidelines. Secondary objectives were to describe the population that uses theExpand
Is female genital mutilation associated with eclampsia? Evidence from a nationally representative survey data
TLDR
A possible association between infibulation and eclampsia is suggested, while the association was not significant in women with other categories of FGM. Expand
Female Genital Mutilation and Obstetric Outcomes in the Far-North Region, Cameroon: A Case - Control Study
TLDR
The prevalence of FGM was high and FGMs were associated with maternal and fetal morbidity, therefore, mass sensitization on the consequences of Fgm, utilization of ANC services and health facility child births should be encouraged. Expand
Female genital mutilation and obstetric outcome: A cross-sectional comparative study in a tertiary hospital in Abakaliki South East Nigeria
TLDR
It is shown that FGM in labour increases the odds of developing perineal trauma which may be associated with a host of short- and long-term complications. Expand
Female genital mutilation: opinion of outpatients of a department of obstetrics and gynaecology in north central Nigeria
TLDR
Female genital cutting/mutilation is still practiced in the authors' environment and some of the women knew the negative reproductive health consequences of FGM and had experienced them during sexual intercourse and childbirth, however, with regard to stopping FGM, majority had not taken any steps towards stopping the practice. Expand
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