Female genital mutilation and infections: a systematic review of the clinical evidence

@article{Iavazzo2012FemaleGM,
  title={Female genital mutilation and infections: a systematic review of the clinical evidence},
  author={Christos R Iavazzo and Thalia A. Sardi and Ioannis D. Gkegkes},
  journal={Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics},
  year={2012},
  volume={287},
  pages={1137-1149}
}
AimFemale genital mutilation (FGM) is a common practice especially performed in women with no anaesthesia or antibiotics and in absence of aseptic conditions. The aim of this systematic review is to explore and analyze for first time in the current literature, the clinical evidence related to the presence of infections in the practice of FGM.MethodA systematic search of PubMed and Scopus was performed. A combination of the terms “female circumcision”, “genital mutilation”, “genital cutting” and… 

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An overview of female genital mutilation

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A 31-year-old woman who had FGM reporting unconsummated marriage presented to the authors' clinic clinic, and surgical correction was performed by de-infibulation for treatment of sexual dysfunction.

A Cross-sectional Study on the Prevalence of Cervical Dysplasia Among Women With Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting

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The prevalence of high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion+ among migrant women with FGM/C is high compared with the general Swiss population, and follow-up for cervical dysplasia must be improved by increasing provider knowledge of this patient population and by addressing barriers to care.

Female Genital Mutilations: Genito-Urinary Complications and Ethical-Legal Aspects

TLDR
This review analyzes the epidemiology of FGMs, the reasons why the practice is still made, the complications, the ethical, and the principal legal aspects of this practise that must be hopefully early banned.

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TLDR
The available evidence did not conclusively demonstrate the anticipated association between FGM/C and HIV, and the need for stronger study designs is revealed and some considerations for future research are outlined.

Female genital mutilation: a urology focus.

TLDR
The urological complications experienced by women who have undergone FGM are explored, and the effects this can have on their health and wellbeing are explored.

Female genital mutilation (FGM) and the lower urinary tract

TLDR
Although FGM is primarily performed in Africa, Asia and the Middle East, migration of FGM practising communities means that the health professionals worldwide need to be aware of the impact of Fgm on health.

Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting in the Swiss HIV Cohort Study: A Cross-Sectional Study

TLDR
How common female genital mutilation is in women living with HIV and who have migrated to Switzerland and how care and prevention could be improved significantly are demonstrated and suggested.

Health Consequences of the Female Genital Mutilation: A Systematic Review Running title: Health Consequences of Female Genital Mutilation

TLDR
A systematic review was conducted to create a critical view of the current evidence on the effect of circumcision on girls and women's health, and can provide evidence on improving, changing behaviors, and making decisions on the quality of services offered to women suffering from FGM.

International continence society white paper regarding female genital mutilation/cutting

TLDR
This White Paper, prepared under the auspices of the International Continence Society (ICS), is intended by the ICS as a statement promoting the abandonment of this practice.
...

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As FGM is often performed on newborns or at 4–9 years of age, paediatricians should have an active role in the prevention of FGM, especially as they have repeated close contact with those concerned and medical consequences are the main arguments against FGM.

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