Female genital mutilation and infections: a systematic review of the clinical evidence

@article{Iavazzo2012FemaleGM,
  title={Female genital mutilation and infections: a systematic review of the clinical evidence},
  author={Christos R Iavazzo and Thalia A. Sardi and Ioannis D. Gkegkes},
  journal={Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics},
  year={2012},
  volume={287},
  pages={1137-1149}
}
AimFemale genital mutilation (FGM) is a common practice especially performed in women with no anaesthesia or antibiotics and in absence of aseptic conditions. The aim of this systematic review is to explore and analyze for first time in the current literature, the clinical evidence related to the presence of infections in the practice of FGM.MethodA systematic search of PubMed and Scopus was performed. A combination of the terms “female circumcision”, “genital mutilation”, “genital cutting” and… 
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TLDR
The urological complications experienced by women who have undergone FGM are explored, and the effects this can have on their health and wellbeing are explored.
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Although FGM is primarily performed in Africa, Asia and the Middle East, migration of FGM practising communities means that the health professionals worldwide need to be aware of the impact of Fgm on health.
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TLDR
How common female genital mutilation is in women living with HIV and who have migrated to Switzerland and how care and prevention could be improved significantly are demonstrated and suggested.
International continence society white paper regarding female genital mutilation/cutting
TLDR
This White Paper, prepared under the auspices of the International Continence Society (ICS), is intended by the ICS as a statement promoting the abandonment of this practice.
Female genital mutilation: a literature review.
  • L. TerryK. Harris
  • Medicine
    Nursing standard (Royal College of Nursing (Great Britain) : 1987)
  • 2013
TLDR
A literature review explores the prevalence of and attitudes to FGM, personal experiences of women who have undergone the procedure and effective nursing care of this patient group.
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References

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TLDR
It is concluded that FGM contributes significantly to morbidity among girls, a large share of which does not come to medical attention.
Female genital mutilation among Edo people: the complications and pattern of presentation at a pediatric surgery unit, Benin City.
This prospective study on female genital mutilation among Edo people was based on female children and parents who presented on account of it at the University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City,
Female Genital Mutilation ‐ Experience of The Royal Women's Hospital, Melbourne
TLDR
It was found that 77.6% of women identified as having had female genital mutilation had undergone infibulation, and more than 85% of the women in this study reported a complication of the procedure.
Female genital mutilation: an injury, physical and mental harm
TLDR
An overview over the huge topic of ‘female genital mutilation’ (FGM) is given, which concerns about 130 million women around the world and is definitely unacceptable.
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  • Aseel HamoudiM. Shier
  • Medicine
    Journal of obstetrics and gynaecology Canada : JOGC = Journal d'obstetrique et gynecologie du Canada : JOGC
  • 2010
Circumcision and infibulation of females: a general consideration of the problem and a clinical study of the complications in Sudanese women.
TLDR
Results of a clinical study conducted into the immediate and long-term complications of female circumcision and infibulation in Sudan show retention of urine was a more common but less serious immediate complication than either shock or hemorrhage.
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TLDR
The pattern of complications of Intermediate and Pharaonic circumcision was found to be the same and both types of circumcision sometimes suffered more than one complication.
Female Genital Mutilation and its Psychosexual Impact
TLDR
It is suggested that circumcision has a negative impact on a woman's psychosexual life and causes loss of interest in foreplay and dyspareunia.
Female genital cutting in the demographic and health surveys: a critical and comparative analysis
TLDR
This comparative report summarizes data on FGC from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) implemented between 1989 and 2002 to make more accessible the basic information on the distribution and practice of FGC and to encourage country-specific analysis of DHS data onFGC.
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