Female genital mutilation

  title={Female genital mutilation},
  author={Elizabeth Kelly and Paula J. Adams Hillard},
  journal={Current Opinion in Obstetrics and Gynecology},
  • E. Kelly, P. Hillard
  • Published 1 October 2005
  • Medicine
  • Current Opinion in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Purpose of review The purpose of this review is to aid the healthcare practitioner in caring for children, girls, and women who have undergone female genital mutilation or who are at risk for female genital mutilation. Recent findings The bulk of the literature published in the area of female genital mutilation over the past year addresses the laws, social needs, immigration status and assimilation of African women who immigrate into western countries. Clinicians continue to publish case… 

Female circumcision: Limiting the harm

Law makers around the globe are invited to review the legal situation in relation to female genital cutting and proper counseling of parents about possible risks is a must in order to make informed decision about circumcising their daughters.

Harmful Traditional Practices and Women’s Health: Female Genital Mutilation

Analyze opportunities for prevention activities targeted at local practitioners of FGM, parents, at-risk adolescents, health and social workers, governments, religious authorities, the civil society, and the community.

Understanding Women’s Responses to Sexual Pain After Female Genital Cutting: An Integrative Psychological Pain Response Model

The resulting integrative psychological pain response model will aid in providing culturally responsive clinical management of sexual pain to women who have experienced FGC and provides a theoretical foundation for future research in this population.

Extirpation of the primary canine tooth follicles: a form of infant oral mutilation.

Dentists and allied dental personnel who treat refugees from areas of the world in which IOM is endemic be aware of the social factors behind this practice as well as be able to recognize its dental and psychological sequelae.

The Clitoris: Anatomical and Psychological Issues

The anatomy of the clitoris is much larger than commonly believed, and this finding has significance for theories of female sexual responsiveness, including the differentiation of clitoral and vaginal orgasms.

Trends and Spatio-temporal variation of female genital mutilation among reproductive-age women in Ethiopia: a Spatio-temporal and multivariate decomposition analysis of Ethiopian demographic and health surveys

Female genital mutilation practice has shown a remarkable decrease over time in Ethiopia, and public health programs targeting rural, non-educated, unemployed, and those women with no access to media would be helpful to maintain the decreasing trend of FGM practice.

A large clitoral epidermoid inclusion cyst first presenting in adulthood following childhood circumcision

A 30-year-old Eritrean student presented with a slowly growing swelling in the pubic region for the last 2 months that interfered with sports activities. The mass was painless with no history of



[Female genital mutilation: generalities, complications and management during obstetrical period].

With increasing immigration, obstetrical teams in developed countries can be confronted with such situations and should be aware of proper clinical management practices for these women.

Female genital mutilation: an analysis of 522 cases in South-Western Nigeria

The need for further interventions aimed at discouraging the practice of female genital mutilation is highlighted, as up to 67% of the women reported complications following the procedure.

Female genital mutilation: the potential for increased risk of HIV infection

  • K. Kun
  • Medicine
    International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
  • 1997

[Management of type III female genital mutilation].

The treatment is based on Gabbar's deinfibulation surgery which can be proposed when there are uro-gynecologic complications, or during pregnancy and labor, and can lead to spontaneous vaginal delivery without perineal trauma.

Female genital mutilation: complications and risk of HIV transmission.

  • M. Brady
  • Medicine
    AIDS patient care and STDs
  • 1999
Several of the most common complications of female genital mutilation are discussed and helpful suggestions for management during pregnancy and delivery are explored.

Impact of female genital mutilation on maternal and neonatal outcomes during parturition.

  • L. Hakim
  • Medicine
    East African medical journal
  • 2001
The study demonstrates the negative impact of FGM more on maternal than neonatal outcomes during parturition and creates awareness of its implication on women and neonatal health.

A community based study on the change of practice of female genital mutilation in a Sudanese village

  • L. AlmrothV. Almroth-Berggren S. Bergström
  • Political Science
    International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
  • 2001

Foreign bodies as a complication of female genital mutilation

  • B. MØllerU. D. Hansen
  • Medicine
    Journal of obstetrics and gynaecology : the journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • 2003
An unusual complication is reported: a cystic structure containing stones isolated from the area of the clitoris, which the patient has suffered from these foreign bodies for almost 25 years.

Assessment of the impact of female circumcision on the gynecological, genitourinary and obstetrical health problems of women from Somalia: literature review and case series.

The findings, however limited, support the presence of heavy bleeding at the time of the surgery as a complication arising from circumcision.

Female genital mutilation and childbirth.

This review is an attempt to discuss the salient points as regards to management of women during pregnancy and labor in the Middle East and Africa.