Female fifteen-spined sticklebacks prefer better fathers.

@article{stlund1998FemaleFS,
  title={Female fifteen-spined sticklebacks prefer better fathers.},
  author={{\"O}stlund and Ahnesj{\"o}},
  journal={Animal behaviour},
  year={1998},
  volume={56 5},
  pages={1177-1183}
}
We studied how male fifteen-spined sticklebacks, Spinachia spinachia, vary in paternal competence, whether males advertise their competence and whether females prefer better fathers. In this species the male alone provides care for the offspring through nest building, fanning, cleaning and protecting the eggs. We found no female preference for larger males. Instead, females preferred males that during the subsequent paternal phase fanned their nests in shorter fanning bouts. Such males enjoyed… CONTINUE READING
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