Female employment, labour market institutions and gender culture in Portugal

  title={Female employment, labour market institutions and gender culture in Portugal},
  author={Isabel Greco Tavora and Jill Rubery},
  journal={European Journal of Industrial Relations},
  pages={221 - 237}
  • I. Tavora, J. Rubery
  • Published 8 July 2013
  • Economics, Business, Sociology
  • European Journal of Industrial Relations
This article explores the exceptional characteristics of female employment in Portugal, drawing on comparative and historical analysis to reveal the emergence of a dual-earner family model. This involved low-wage full-time work for both men and women, while the traditional gender culture was largely maintained. Case study findings from two female-dominated industries (hospitality and clothing manufacturing) show how gender inequality within the full-time employment model is produced and… 

Tables from this paper

Wage differentials within a female dominated occupation: Domestic workers in informal and flexible jobs in Portugal

We use an original dataset to examine the impact of informal and flexible contractual arrangements on wages of a sample of domestic workers hired by private employers in Portugal. All arrangements

Social convergence, development failures and industrial relations: The case of Portugal

The Dutch polder model has practised secular moderation of bargained wages – 25 years’ standstill of purchasing power. Regulatory capture let the minimum wage lag behind and lowered the lowest wage

How Do Household Tasks Shape Employment Contracts? The Provision of Care in Portugal

ABSTRACT This study illustrates the complexities involved in outsourcing domestic work to the market. It draws on an original dataset of paid domestic workers in Portugal to examine how specific

Closing the gender pay gap: A review of the issues, policy mechanisms and international evidence

Closing the gender pay gap is an aspiration found in many international policy documents. The principle of equal remuneration for men and women for work of equal value, as set out in the Equal

The motherhood pay gap: A review of the issues, theory and international evidence

The study is organized as follows: Part I discusses the measurement issues, especially associated with statistical modelling of the motherhood pay gap, and presents headline results for a range of

Coping strategies of long-term unemployed in Portugal

This paper examines coping strategies adopted by women and men after job loss in Portugal. The data were gathered through interviews and an open-ended inquiry applied to fifteen unemployed persons

Labour market regulation and collective bargaining in Portugal during the crisis: Continuity and change

This article examines the changes to employment regulation in Portugal during the sovereign debt crisis and assesses their impact on collective bargaining in manufacturing. The changes were

A new labour market segmentation approach for analysing inequalities: Introduction and overview

The attraction of segmentation theory is that it focuses on employing organisations, the architects of the employment system, in the shaping of labour market inequalities. … The obscuring of the

Trade Liberalization, Social Policies and Health: A theoretical and empirical exploration

This thesis theoretically and empirically explores how trade liberalization and social protection policies interact to influence health. It is conducted from a political economy of health

Local cultural context as a moderator of the impact of childcare on maternal employment: Evidence from a natural experiment

In spite of increasing levels of female employment, having a child below school age often goes along with a substantial decrease in employment engagement for women. Consequently, previous family



The southern European social model: familialism and the high rates of female employment in Portugal

This paper focuses on the high rates of female full-time employment in Portugal and examines whether these are consistent with the familialistic features that typify the southern European social

Women's Employment in Europe: Trends and Prospects

Based on extensive original research, this volume examines contemporary patterns of womens employment in Europe in the context of the profound economic, social and cultural changes that have taken

Understanding the High Rates of Employment among Low-educated Women in Portugal: A Comparatively Oriented Case Study

This article addresses the question of why Portugal is an exception among southern European countries in having a high rate of female employment. Cross-national data show an even greater gap between

Gender cultures and the gender arrangement—a theoretical framework for cross‐national gender research

Abstract How can the marked national differences in the rates of women's participation in the labour market, and in their involvement in part‐time work, be explained? While institutional conditions,

National Skill Regimes, Postindustrialism, and Sex Segregation

Abstract Data from ten industrial market societies are used to assess the relative explanatory power of two macro-structural accounts of cross-national variability in occupational sex segregation:

The European Construction Social Partners: Gender Equality in Theory and Practice

This article explores the social partners’ role in the gender equality agenda in construction at skilled operative level. It draws on a survey of the European construction social partners that

Understanding International Differences in the Gender Pay Gap

Using microdata for 22 countries over the 1985–94 period, we find that more compressed male wage structures and lower female net supply are both associated with a lower gender pay gap, with an

Gender and the Development of Welfare Regimes

This paper builds on the idea that any further development of the concept of 'welfare regime' must incorporate the relationship between unpaid as well as paid work and welfare. Consideration of the

The Reconstitution of the Supply Side of the Labour Market: The Relative Autonomy of Social Reproduction

been replaced in recent years by a proliferation of theories about the family and its rela tion to the system of production.1 It is our contention that this work, for the most part, has done little

Still a Distinctive Southern European Employment Model?

Current similarities among the four southern European EU Member States—Greece, Italy, Portugal and Spain—with respect not only to labour market characteristics but also to the institutional