Female competition: Causes, constraints, content, and contexts

@article{Campbell2004FemaleCC,
  title={Female competition: Causes, constraints, content, and contexts},
  author={Anne Campbell},
  journal={The Journal of Sex Research},
  year={2004},
  volume={41},
  pages={16 - 26}
}
  • A. Campbell
  • Published 1 February 2004
  • Psychology
  • The Journal of Sex Research
Monogamy tends to equalise mate competition between the sexes. However, women show greater restraint in their use of direct intrasexual aggression, which, I argue, is a result of their higher parental investment and the consequently greater reproductive cost of injury or death. Women usually compete for mates by advertising qualities valued by men (beauty and sexual exclusiveness) and by using indirect means of denigrating rivals (through gossip and stigmatisation). However, where well… 

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